Notable Women in World War I:
-Edith Cavell, a British nurse, humanitarian and spy who helped some 200 allied soldiers escape from German—occupied Belgium to Holland during World War I. She was court-martialled and was sentenced for treason and killed by a firing squad.
-Mata Hari- Was a Dutch exotic dancer, whose real name is Gertrude Margarete Zelle, who was shot by the French as a spy on October, 15,1917. Still unclear about her alleged spying activities, in The Hague in 1916 she was offered cash by a German consul for information on her next visit to France. Mata Hari admitted she had passed old, outdated information to a German intelligence officer when later interrogated by the French intelligence service. Mata Hari herself claimed she had been paid to act as a French spy in Belgium (then occupied by German forces), although she had neglected to inform her French spymasters of her prior arrangement with the German consul. She was, it seemed, a double agent, if a not very successful one. She was consequently arrested by the French on 13 February 1917 in Paris. She was sentenced to death by a firing squad. To many she remains the unfortunate victim of a hysterical section of the French press and public determined to root out evidence of a non-existent enemy within.
-Evelina Haverfield _was the daughter of the third Baron and Lady Abinger. She grew up in a family which valued public and military service. A aprominent activist in the women's suffrage movement before 1914, at the outbreak of war Evelina rallied women to help meet the threat of a possible German invasion of Britain. She originally proposed forming a women's volunteer rifle corps for home defence to support the Territorials defending the coast. This initial idea rapidly grew into a much broader support for the war effort, in the Women's Emergency Corps, the Women's Volunteer Reserve, and the Women's Reserve Ambulance (Green Cross) Corps. Under appalling conditions of poverty and...
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