Why was there women’s liberation movement in the postwar period in the United States and to what degree was it successful?
Women’s role was first rather being restricted to their domestic sphere. Women as angels of household, would rather raise their children, take care of their houses, provide a decent place for their husbands to relax when they come home. Women’s role improved during the Second World War when women had to take men’s places in the labor forces. It was predicted that women would leave their jobs and go back to their domestic lives, but this essay shows how and why women struggled and wanted to continue their independent life. Women experienced freedom, power and strength in the absence of their men, and started wondering why would they be stuck at home when they can do their jobs as well as men. The role that women played during the war made them realize that they should be having a change that would last forever, which is “The Women Liberation Movement”, and despite the unfair sexism they faced women fought and started to be more career-minded and they were encouraged to become independent individuals. The impact of the Second World War on the role of women:
Throughout the Second World War, men went away to serve and have their place in the military, while women had to take their places, do their jobs, and take their responsibilities. At this time, women experienced their freedom and they found more opportunities. Women started serving in clerical and secretarial jobs others became nurses, teachers and shopkeepers. Moreover, the United States needed more individuals to join the military so they called on women, and their possessions were unfocused on the domestic uses and more focused on the military uses such as truck drivers, technicians, mechanics, and pilots. Women’s domestic workforce started decreasing as more women started to take men’s places and occupy the gaps left by them. Emotional appeal combined with women’s patriotism was strongly used as women were being reminded all the time that their husbands and other men were in need of their help. Over 19 million women joined the workforce in the United States not only due to patriotism but also to have more money, more economic benefits, more social interaction and the most important reason was independence. This was the turning point for women struggling for their equality and their rights.
Earlier before the war, only the lower working class of women who used to work outside of their houses and many of these women were minorities and other’s women’s role was their house. But all of this changed after women were encouraged to have more jobs and join the work force. Women were called to have jobs such as building ships, tanks and planes in order to fight Hitler and his army. The Second World War was mainly based on production and it was also a brilliant opportunity for women to get into the industry. Media also played a huge role of encouraging women that it was their “patriotic duty” so the government used slogans such as “Victory is in Your Hands”, “We can do it!” and “Women, the War Needs you!”. Yet the patriotism wasn’t a rational motive to convince women to quit their jobs and give it back to men again. After the time was spent on seducing women to join the work force and to build up this economic prosperity, which made women know the importance of work out side of their houses, made it really hard for women to quit their jobs after the war, and opened up an ongoing battle of wanting equal rights as men.
The Second World War was actually the first time that women served in the United States military after the American Revolution as women were usually eliminated from the military service, and they were omitted from participation in the Armed Forces but it was promoted at the beginning of the war, and later their participation became essential to win the war. 350,000 women served in the Armed Forces of the United...