Women in Latina America During 1950's

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Over time, Latin American women have developed freedom and their own place in society. However, in the 1950’s things were drastically different. Their husbands had authority, also known as machismo, and they were not allowed to take charge. After the feminist movement, Latin American women became more capable of holding power. They started to take on the challenge of the work force and balance other responsibilities.

In the 1950’s women were brought up to believe that they are strong leaders passing along their families’ traditions, values and faith in order to keep the beliefs of their culture ongoing. From their Native American ancestors, they inherited the belief that women are wise and powerful offering their unique and valuable contributions to society. However, at the same time they were expected to follow the Spanish tradition of feminine submission to the strong male. Their strengths were both honored and respected- and denied and unaccepted.

Latin American women had to fulfill certain roles. They were supposed to be a caring mother, diligent homemaker and obedient wife. Moreover, women were expected stay at home, bear children, and maintain the house. They were expected to clean and cook to make sure everything was sufficient when their husband came home from work. We can see this in Chronicle of a Death Foretold when Mercedes ,(the narrator’s wife) says that “the girls had been reared to screen embroidery, sew by machine, weave bone lace, wash and iron, make artificial flowers and fancy candy, and write engagement announcements (Marquez 31). Women also needed to take responsibilities when it came to their children such as educating them. They were not allowed to participate in the work force as their husbands did.

Machismo played significant role in the Latin American society. It was brought to Latin American by Spanish conquerors. It is considered a strong or exaggerated sense of manliness; and assumptive attitude that virility, courage,...
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