Women in Business Management
Businesses all around the world have their own particular ways of doing business depending on their culture, location, resources, etc. The roles of women in business management differ from country to country; sometimes they have no roles at all. In the U.S., India, and China the roles of women share many similarities and differences. One country could be a women’s dream when it comes to advancing their career but another’s nightmare, rights and responsibilities of women are different in these countries and those differences are also reflected in the workplace as well as their lives leading up to their careers. The Female Work Force: Educated and Motivated
Chinese women are filling up the workplaces but they still have many challenges to overcome. Nearly half of China’s workforce is composed of women but they are still not treated equally and have many stigmas attached to them that men simply do not have in the workplace. “Women make up 49% of China's population and 46% of its labor force. In large part that is because Mao Zedong, who famously said that “women hold up half the sky”, saw them as a resource and launched a campaign to get them to work outside the home. Young Chinese women have been moving away from the countryside in droves and piling into the electronics factories in the booming coastal belt, leading dreary lives but earning more money than their parents ever dreamed of. Others have been pouring into universities, at home and abroad, and graduating in almost the same numbers as men. And once they have negotiated China's highly competitive education system, they want to get on a career ladder and start climbing (The Economist).” In India education for women across the country is improving more and more, turning out more properly educated women to enter the workforce. “Although the vast majority of senior managers in India are men, there is a growing cadre of women who are working their way up the corporate ladder and this trend is expected to grow along with the increasing levels of women's education and the influence of western MNCs in the business landscape of the country (Women in Business in India, 2012).” “In the U.S. “Professional organizations such as the Forté Foundation, established in 2001 to provide women with the tools and resources to achieve a successful career in business, have done much to change the landscape of b-school recruiting efforts. Sponsored by the Graduate Management Admission Council and all of the top business schools, events such as the upcoming Forté Forum help women learn how to finance an M.B.A., how to achieve work/life/balance, and how to successfully apply to an M.B.A. program (Blackman, 2011).” “In just a few weeks, a record number of female students will set foot in the hallowed halls of Harvard Business School and the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School—two top M.B.A. programs that have recently touted a significant increase in the number of women applying. About 39 percent of Harvard's class of 2013 will be female, its highest percentage ever, meanwhile, women make up 45 percent of the incoming class at Wharton (Blackman, 2011).” Troubles Women Face in the Workplace
Many businesses in China do not offer fair or equal treatment to their female employees, denying them benefits, or refusing to hire them, even allowing people to get away with sexual harassment without facing punishment. “An investigation conducted by the All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU) indicates that existing laws and regulations pertaining to women in the workplace leave much to be desired. The biggest problems women are facing today are reemployment after being laid off; unequal protection, rights and benefits in state-owned enterprises (SOEs); and discrimination, harassment and abuse in private enterprises. The ACFTU investigation reveals that some enterprises won't sign contracts with female employees, and among those that do there are many that...
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