Women Empowerment Through Education

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WOMEN EMPOWERMENT THROUGH EDUCATION

*Rashmi Joshi ** Laxmi shree mishra

WOMEN EMPOWERMENT is a global issue and discussion on women political right are at the fore front of many formal and informal campaigns world wide. The concept of women empowerment was introduced at the international women conference at NAROIBI in 1985. Education is milestone of women empowerment because it enables them to responds to the challenges , to confront their traditional role and change their life . So that we can’t neglect the importance of education in reference to women empowerment India is poised to becoming superpower , a developed country by 2020. The year 2020 is fast approaching ,it is just 13 year away . This can became reality only when the women of this nation became empowerment . India presently account for the largest number no of illiterates in the world . Literacy rate in India have risen sharply from 18.3% in 1951 to 64.8% in 2001 in which enrolment of women in education have also risen sharply 7% to 54.16% . Despite the importance of women education unfortunately only 39% of women are literate among the 64% of the man. Within the framework of a democratic polity , our laws , development policies , plan and programmes have aimed at women’s advancement in difference spheres. From the fifth five year plan(1974-78) onwards has been a marked shift in the approach to women’s issues from welfare to development . In recent years ,the empowerment of women has been recognized as the central issue in determining the status of women . The National Commission of Women was set up by an Act of Parliament in 1990 to safeguard the right and legal entitlements of women .The 73rd and 74th Amendments (1993) to the constitution of India have provided for reservation of seats in the local bodies of panchayats and Municipalities for women , laying a strong foundation for their participation in decision making at the local level . The purpose of this paper to focus on the women empowerment through education and this study based on secondary data .

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------*Research Scholar , Depart of Economics ,B.H.U, Varanasi

INTRODUCTION The world of humanity has two wing one is women and other man. Not until both wings are equally developed can the bird fly. The Baha’I writings This statement clearly focused on the importance of women in our society .Women constitute an important segment of any community and perform multiple role as mother, housewife, and wages earners .Women are important productive workers in India’s national economy despite the fact that much of their work falls in the indivisible or un-organized category. In reference to Women ,the concept of “EMPOWERMENT” is a global issue and discussion on women’s right are fore front of many formal and informal campaigns world wide . The concept of women empowerment was introduced at the international women conference at NAROIBI in 1985 .Women Empowerment has five components :----• Women’s sense of self worth • Their right to have and to determine choices • Their right to have access to opportunities and resources • Their right to have the power to control their own lives, both within and outside the home • And their ability to influence the direction of social change to create a more just social and economic order ,nationally and internationally (1) Education is milestone of women empowerment because it enables them to responds to the challenges , to confront their traditional role and change their life. Empowerment is an active and multidimensional process which enable women to realize their full identity and powers in all sphere of life . Empowerment of women is very much essential to achieve sustainable development . Quoting UNFPA report, “the state of world population 1992”, the News of Bernard Van Leer Foundation says, that there can be no sustainable development without development of...
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