Women Empowerment in Bangladesh
Women empowerment in Bangladesh means giving women of the country the power to rule and govern their own lives, away from traditional and social constraints. The women empowerment movement in Bangladesh focuses on giving women the power and authority they need to be men’s equals. The structures of sub ordinance that have keep women in the dark for so long must be eliminated. Women must have intellectual resources that can be acquired through good education and material resources that can be accumulated with the help of a solid job. Women in Bangladesh work in rural areas and do most of the manufacturing labor as well as most of the harvesting. This traditional practice needs to stop. The violence against women must also stop. Women need to gain a lot more power over their decision making process. They should not be seen as fertility machines that have only the goal of reproducing. Most of the violence against women that takes place in Bangladesh is located in urban and rural households. Violence against women is an old, patriarch practice that focuses on establishing the balance of power in the family. The system of early marriage for girls is also a cause for violence against women because little girls are forced into new families from an early age. There, they have to work like adults. Bangladesh is a society that perpetrates the myth of the mother as a divine creature. Women who do not get pregnant are considered inferior because they can’t bear children. This is a male tradition that limits the mobility of women all over the country. Global NGO’s that are working towards helping women get empowered in Bangladesh are still facing difficulties because Bangladesh is a closed society which allows very few changes. In Bangladesh, gender inequalities are a social construction that can be eliminated with time. This paper tries to explain the development of women movement in India and the status of women during the Vedic period and British period. It also tries to explain the position of women on the basis of socioeconomic – political empowerment. KEY WORDS : Women position in India a historical back ground, Bakti movement, political movement, socio-religious reform movement, status of women during British period, women's organizations stared by Men and women and conclusion. The status of women in India has been subject to many great changes over the past few millennia, from equal status with men in ancient times through the low points of the medieval period, to the promotion of equal rights by many reformers, the history of women in India has been eventful. In modern India, women have adorned high offices in India including that of the president, prime minister, speaker of the lok sabha and leader of the opposition. As of 2011, the president of India, the speaker of the lok sabha and the leader of the opposition in lok sabha (lower house of the parliament) are all women. The roots of the Indian women's movement go back to the 19th century male social reformers who took up issues concerning women and started women's organizations. Women stated forming their own organization from the end of the 19th century first at the local and then at the national level. In the years before independence, the two main issues they took up were political rights and reform of personal laws. Women's participation in the freedom struggle broadened the base of the women's movement. Woman Position in India, A Historical Background Scholars believe that in ancient India, the women enjoyed equal status with men in all fields of life. However, some others hold contrasting views, works by ancient Indian grammarians such as patanjali and katyayana suggest that women were educated in the early vedic period. Rig vedic verses suggest that the women married at a mature age and were probably free to select their husband (swayamwara) scriptures. Such as Rigveda and Upanishads mention several women sages and seers, notably...
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