Women Empowerment in India: A psychological view
Women Empowerment refers to increasing the spiritual, political, social and economic strength of Women.
It involves increasing their power over decision making, social participation, economic opportunity and economic participation, political participation, access to education and health. Gender equality and women's empowerment are human rights that lie at the heart of development and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals by UNO.
Worldwide, in agriculture & animal care the women contribute 90% of the total work force. Women constitute almost half of the population, perform nearly 2/3rd of its work hours, but receive 1/10th of the world’s income & own less than 1/100th of the world property.
• Among the world’s 900 million illiterate people, women out number men two to one.
• 70% of people living in poverty are women.
• Lower sex ratio i.e. 933.
• The male child perceived as an asset for the landless rural labourer, a dowry earner for a greedy middle class family and a simple matter of pride for the mother.
• Women are relatively less healthy than men even though, they belong to same class.
• They constitute less than 1/7th of the administrators & managers in developing countries.
• Only 10% seats in world’s parliament & 6% in national cabinets are held by them.
The Constitution of India guarantees to all Indian women equal rights, no discrimination by the State, equality of opportunity for work, equal pay for work and protection of dignity. The year 2001 was declared as the year of empowerment of women. In 2010 March 9, one day after International Women's day, Rajyasabha passed Women's Reservation Bill, ensuring 33% reservation to women in Parliament and state legislative bodies.
There are laws, laws and laws. The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act. The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, Dowry prohibition act, Child Marriage...
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