Women and the Death Penalthy

Topics: Death Penalty, Capital punishment in the United States, Prison Pages: 6 (1700 words) Published: March 21, 2013
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Sylvia Stoklosa

Women and the Death Penalty
The Wikipedia Dictionary defines the Death Penalty/Capital punishment as a legal process where person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime. Crimes that can result in a death penalty are known as capital crimes or capital offences. This topic is very hard to talk about because we all have opinions about how law should punish people for their crimes but there can be only one way to go with and because there's so many people in this world; some of them will not have it their way because in this situation it's impassible to please everyone. When the word death penalty is used,  it makes people arguing from both sides. Some people can say deterrence, while the others say, but you  may execute an innocent person. Today, this is one of the most debated issues not only because of the pro and cons that people fight about but also because death penalty is unevenly used between man, women and their skin color. Harry Greenlee and Shelia P. Greenlee discovered that from 157 women who received death row sentences only 49 of them are currently on death row since 1973. Their theory shows that some racial disparities do exist when observing women receiving death row sentences.

So where do you stand with your opinion about this topic? This subject is hard enough by itself and now people are trying to figure out if this punishment is to cruel and unusual for women or not. The subject of gender and the death penalty is always complicated because it's

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risky whichever way the argument’s go. Some people feel that it better to ignore gender when advocating against the death penalty because it may take attention from the real argument. Others think that arguing for women’s rights is not advanced in the least bit by suggesting that women should not be executed.  This shows that people think that the weakness of females and their role as potential mothers should exclude them from death penalty but the right way to decided if someone should be punished for something is concentrating on their crimes and not the purpose of someone's life in the future, like for example becoming a mother because then we forgetting about the presence and the crime that this person did.

There are a lot of different methods used in execution but the most modern ones used in U.S are lethal injection and gas. The first established death penalty laws date as far as the Eighteenth Century B.C. At that time this law stated the death penalty for 25 different crimes and people didn't care if the criminal was man or female, they just want it justice. Now female offenders that are arrested for murder are only very rarely sentenced to death. If sentenced, they are rarely executed. It is difficult to understand why women have received such favored treatment, since the purposes of this punishment is applicable to both sexes. Some people believe that a lot of female crime is related to the way they are treated by men and self defense. In general, both the death sentencing rate and the death row population remain very small for women in comparison to that for men and execution of female offenders are very rare.

Victor Streib said that beginning with the first legislative enactments of modern death penalty statutes in 1973, we now have nearly forty years of death sentences being imposed in American jurisdictions. He also mentions in his article that the list of female offenders currently

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under death sentences excludes those for whom the sentence has been legally reversed or removed even if the case is still being reviewed or reconsidered. On the other hand, it's not unusual for that person to carry on with the prison's death row even if no longer under a death sentence.

From the Death Penalty Information Center we can learn that...
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