Women and Reservation in Panchayat

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Women and Reservation in Panchayat
Dr. Paresh M. Parmar
Associate Professor & Head
Dept. of Sociology
Anand Arts College,
Anand - 388001, Gujarat.
E-Mail : drpareshparmar@gmail.com
(M) 9924602109
Abstract :
Democracy is not only a kind of governance. Total political participation of women with men is essential for success of democracy. Number of women in formal structure of politics is very less after six decades after independence. There are 33% reservation for active participation of politics of women in Gujarat state. In this politics, women who become president (Sarpanch) of Panchayat, member and chairperson of District Panchayat give their thumb impression keeping veiled themselves. Their position is like a doll whose guiding rope is kept with male persons. Here an attempt has been made in this paper to examine how her position and participation with reference to Gram Panchayat of Kheda district. Data and information are collected by taking personal interview of women members. Keywords - Women, Panchayat, Reservation, Political Participation

Introduction :
Women are given political rights, equality and freedom equal to men by Indian Constitution. There is a freedom to serve in decision making by a member in active politics to each men and women in India. If we observe history of six decades after independence, we can see that, women have not utilized freedom as compared to men. Whether common women of India can utilize her constitutional rights in which president of India is a woman ? Whether she has received that position in which our constitution is claiming? Whether constitution of women is such, which should have ? Whether women leadership can be seen in Gram Panchayats after 65 years after independence? Some women of upper class are only active in politics in order to our constitutional development. If common woman try to come forward in active politics by using her constitutional rights, she has to adhere (take support of) any male person of her family. Entry in active politics and legislative assembly of women depends very less on her own desire decision. She is taken into politics after her father or husband's death to get votes by sympathy and compassion.

It is clear today that democracy is not only a kind of governance but it is a path of life. Total political participation of women with men is essential for its success. Number of women in formal structure of politics is very less after six decades after independence. But it should be noted that women are active in social activities and women movements.

Indian tradition accepts energy from (Shakti Swaroop) of women and women like Laxmibai, the queen of Zansi and Razia Sultan has been glittered in Indian History. But it is a real fact that women are not seen in politics in a regular course but seen as an exception. Women are far away from power. Very less women have taken power position in politics.

Many times, women do not part in active part in politics due to disgust of dirty politics but take active part in voluntary organizations.

Objective of the Study :
1.To examine participation and representation of women in Gram Panchayat. 2.To examine the causes of poor (less) participation and less representation of women in Gram Panchayat.
There are 33% reservation for active participation of politics of women in Gujarat State. In this politics, women who have become president (Sarpanch) of Panchayat, member and chairperson of District Panchayat give their thumb impression keeping veiled themselves. Their position is like a doll whose guiding role is kept with male persons. Here an attempt has been made in this paper to examine how her position and participation with reference to Umiyapur Gram Panchayat of Kheda District. Data and information are collected by taking personal interview of women members.

Collection of Data
Nature of Participation and representation of women in...
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