In Aristophanes' Lysistrata, women from all over the empire go on a sex strike and refuse to lay with their men until peace is obtained from the war. They take control of the Acropolis and kick the men out, claiming that war is now the business of women. Eventually, the men all have physically visual stimulation and are walking around in pain due to the lack of coitus. They all give in and agree to the terms of peace. At the end, they have a festival, everyone gets laid, and they sing a song.
There are many themes in Lysistrata. Obviously, it's a comedy with it's farce and satire. However, there are underlying serious themes, as well. In my personal opinion, Aristophanes was trying to convey his beliefs about war through his entertainment in a way that would get people to actually pay attention. Two of the main underlying themes in the play are that war does not result in good things and that there is strength in numbers. Both are expressed vividly within the play, but with subtle importance.
The first theme, that war does not result in good things, is an obvious opinion of all the introductory characters. Lysistrata and the other women discuss at the meeting in the very beginning how the war has affected their families. Some of the men have been gone for months and left them alone at home with all the work and the children. The children don't have their fathers around because they're all too busy fighting. They even talk about when they try to bring up the subject of war to their husbands, that they will tell the women to mind their own and that war is a man's business. The war has not had a good impact on the families that have been left behind. The women decide that it is time to do something about it. Lysistrata devises a plan and convinces the women to join her.
Since at the time women were not considered to be strong, individualistic peoples, I think that Aristophanes is trying to express the...
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