MEMOIRE DE MAITRISE
TOPIC: Women’s Condition and Male Representation in Africa in Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart and in Amma Darko’s Beyond the Horizon.
I-The Place of women in the African Literature
1-Women’s Role in the Development of African novel
2-The Emancipation of Women and the Rising of their Consciousness II-Women’s condition in the African Society
1-The Power of the Traditional Beliefs
2-An African Male dominated society
III-The Interest around Women in Today’s World
1-Women’s Promotion of Rights and Dignity
2-Women’s Fight for Freedom
Literature is a means of communication. It is a support and it conveys information. Literature constitutes a data generation can refer to understand and to be in touch with knowledge. In fact, Africa has a long tradition of literature. Early before the advent of modernity, literature was efficiently and jealously kept and handled by special segments of the population, to whom people vow a great respect. One cannot talk about literature without mentioning oral literature. In every civilization literature is first said before being written. In fact even in western civilization traditions have been kept in societies through oral transmission in ballads, songs, lullabies, tales and epics so and this has always been the case long before the invention of printing. Literature whether it is written or oral, has a universal character because it existed even in the oldest civilizations like that of Greece.
The fact that literature is generally understood as printing in a book a writer’s creative imagination is a partial and incomplete definition which is destined to discredit a certain kind of literature and mainly African oral literature. The latter must be considered by taking into account the living conditions of the African communities and their ways of expressing their culture as represented by writers like Chinua...
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