Women's Changing Roles Dbq

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Through the occurrences of the American Revolution and the Civil War, men and women's class roles in the home and in the industry were established. During the time frame of 1790 to 1860, gender distinctions came into play, and different roles and priorities were enforced. Women's roles especially began to change after the American Revolution. During the first half of the nineteenth century, women's roles in society evolved in the areas of occupational, moral, and social reform. Through efforts such as factory movements, social reform, and women's rights, their aims were realized and foundations for further reform were established.

In a letter dated March 31, 1776, Abigail Adams writes to her husband, John Adams, urging him and the other members of the Continental Congress not to forget about the nation's women when fighting for America's independence from Great Britain. Many other women felt this way and believed they were committed to public good and freedom (Document A). Also, during the time of the American Revolution, women's role as far as working goes, was still home manufacturing (Document A). They participated in the American Revolution by manufacturing many of their own goods which shows patriotism.

In the ideas of 'republican motherhood' and the 'cult of domesticity', women had supporting roles in the outcomes of their families. Around the year 1787, Benjamin Rush supported the ideas of Republican Motherhood, by presenting that ladies should instruct their sons the concepts of liberty and government (Document B). As keepers of the nation's conscience, women were to provide necessary teaching to their children to continue providing the nation with plenty of educational opportunities. Although women were needed extensionally at home, often they went to work in the factories to earn money for their families.

As manufacturing work sites were gradually relocated from the home and small workshop to the factory after the American Revolution, the...
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