With Reference to the Items, Explain the Marxist View of Crime and Deviance

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The Marxist view of crime and deviance ultimately claims that the ruling class use their power to gain from society with very few negative sanctions. As the ruling class have all the raw materials and therefore have the means of production they gain all the power to control society. This in turn gives the ruling class the ability to create laws that will only benefit themselves and criminalise the poor.

White collar crimes of the wealthy, i.e. crimes committed by those with power such as fraud or VAT dodging within a business, are ignored or treated leniently. This is clearly shown through the comparison of Items A and D. Item A shows how one families benefit fraud was penalised and stigmatised within the agency of mass media, when he only claimed a total of £26,000 a year. Compare this to Item D, whereby the most affluent A and B upper class social groups are using black market Tax avoidance schemes to scam the government of £20 billion a year in tax, you can clearly see how the upper class uses means of mass media and enforcing certain laws more harshly to criminalise the working class.

Due to the fact that it appears that more crime is committed by the working class police will often target those areas; a result of the policing labelling and having a stereotypical idea of a criminal. Their idea of a criminal is the working class, as they often see working class crimes and deviant behaviour occurring and being punished.

Marxists say that this is due to the ruling class using selective law enforcement which gives certain crimes and deviant behaviour more importance within society so these crimes are focused on. This means the poor are punished for their crimes but the ruling class can get away with crimes. One way of controlling what laws are enforced is by having people of the same class in power within the government and other jobs with high amounts of power attached.

Another means of the ruling class maintaining their control over society is...
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