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REGULATION OF WIRELESS AND BROADCAST SERVICES
As technology advances and consumer needs change, it is recommended that the FCC continue to implement changes that are in the public’s best interest in providing wireless and broadcast services. The government’s choice to regulate wireless and broadcast services is needed but it has to determine how the implementation of these regulations affects users and companies that supply these services. Wireless Services have evolved from a simple radio signal to 4G networks that combine mobile, wireless, and fixed networks. This network design supplies an anytime, anywhere, always connected service. Since connection is constantly available, I would recommend that the FCC regulate wireless services continue to regulate these services based on usage since bandwidth is a limited resource. The regulation of broadcast services has evolved from allowing anyone to obtain licenses to using auctions. Prior to auctions, comparative hearings were used to distribute licenses to broadcasters. The auction system is more successful because it does not display favoritism and benefits the public by allowing a portion of the money earned to be applied to federally funded programs. I recommend that the FCC continue to regulate broadcast services by auctions because the public benefit from these regulations. Transmitting information wirelessly was a scientific curiosity for the first half of the nineteenth century. Signaling and audio communication was first utilized as a wireless telegraph when telegraph lines were impractical or unreliable. Radio transmissions expanded during the 1930s and 1940s and reached its commercial peak in the 1950s. During the time of its commercial peak it was challenged by television (Zysman, 2000). In 1914, radio research began and in 1916 the Bell System engineers’ conducted the first two-way radio telephony with naval ships. The development of this mobile communications was stimulated by the needs of government agencies and by the Detroit police department deployed the first mobile radio patch system. By 1929 a patent application was filed that discussed the use of antenna array to provide directive transmission. Secure communications were needed during World War II and the Bell Labs developed this digitized and encoded speech system that was spread and scrambled with pseudo-random keys. With this development, the mobile systems led to the first commercial system in 1946 which was a push-to-talk system that required operator intervention. Mobile radio systems were evolving to take the advantage of semiconductor technology, but its capacity remained low. The major function of a wireless base station is to transmit and receive RF signals to and from multiple subscribers, process the signals, and transfer the voice or data communication from one network to another (Zysman, 2000). Digital technology has become the driving force for the entire wireless system. The processing power that is put into phones enables the systems to provide reliable service using the minimum amount of spectrum. Early phones were no more than little radios; but today they are millions of sophisticated computer capable of many different functions. This progress is the reason that the cellular telephone can be made widely available at reasonable costs. The history of telecommunications has played a significant, secondary role to the wireline. A major shift began with the dramatic increase of the cellular concept. Today digital technology is bringing down the cost of wireless service. The digital revolution is now bringing 3G wireless to cellular phones and PCs and this will began to remove the data performance barrier for wireless service (Zysman, 2000). The mobile networks have evolved through more than three generations, starting with the analogue or first-generation (1G) networks deployed in the 1980s, the second–generation (2G) deployed in the 1990s. The (3G) network was...
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