Political Science 101
Research Paper: Winston Churchill
Customarily accredited with his leadership during the Second World War, Winston Churchill has a secured, integral standing in the ranks of world history. Though important in clearly defining Churchill, his role during the Second World War is narrow in his full political illustration. To better understand Churchill, it is crucial to note his personal background, his political influences and developments, and his political contributions, writings and achievements. With a greater comprehension of Churchill, one can truly begin to appreciate the mark he left on the world. Churchill’s Personal Background
On November 30th, 1874, Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was born two months prematurely in the extravagant setting of Blenheim Palace, his father’s home. Despite the premature birth, Winston was noted as being a healthy baby boy (Johnson 4). Lord Randolph Churchill, Winston’s father, was a well-renowned conservative politician. Randolph Churchill was well educated, having graduated from Eton and Merton College, Oxford; he was also distinguished as a powerful orator. (Johnson 5). Winston’s mother, Lady Jennie Jerome Churchill, was the heiress to the notable American stockbroker Leonard Jerome (Morgan 16). In essence, Churchill was born into an affluent, aristocratic family. However, the monetary affluence of the family played no part in veiling the distance between them. Winston’s childhood was characterized by his parents’ absence, apathy and criticism towards him (Johnson 9). It was Elizabeth Everest, Winston Churchill’s nurse, who was the predominant parental presence in Churchill’s life (Johnson 8). She tended to the fundamental duties that Churchill’s parents seemed to ignore. Churchill was not naturally inclined to schooling; his schooldays were marked as the only truly troubled span of his life (Morgan 31). At the age of eight Winston was enrolled in St. Georges in Ascot, a school modeled on Eton College; reportedly, Churchill detested the school and did poorly (Morgan 31). Before he was ten, Churchill was removed from St. Georges and enrolled into Brighton in Brunswick (Morgan 33). Although he liked Brighton, this was not his final attempt at an independent school. After spending three years at Brighton, Winston was finally enrolled into Harrow, an acclaimed school with ties to the Church of England (Morgan 42). Lord Randolph viewed his son as academically incompetent; he decided to transfer him to the army class, which would prepare him for the Military Cadet School at Sandhurst (Johnson 9). After failing the entrance exam to the Military Academy at Sandhurst twice, Churchill finally passed on his third attempt and was granted admittance to the Academy (Morgan 54). Much to his father’s dismay, Churchill scored eighteen marks too low to become an infantryman; instead, he entered into the cavalry (Morgan 54). Before Winston was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the Queen’s 4th Hussars [Cavalry Division], his father passed away from an ongoing battle with syphilis towards the end of his life (Morgan 71).Churchill, with his father recently departed, had no means of financial income; he turned to wartime journalism as a new source of salary (Johnson 12).Churchill resigned from the army in 1899 (110). With enough money saved up from his wartime writings, he was ready to transcend into the realm of politics; his father had mapped out Churchill’s career in the Army, but Churchill was ready for more.
Political Influences and Development
Winston Churchill attributed much of his political prowess to compelling political bodies. Though he did not experience the warmest relations with his father, Churchill does accept him as the preeminent source of political influence. Churchill recounts, “The greatest and most powerful influence in my early life was of course my father. Although I had talked with him so seldom and never for a moment on equal terms, I conceived an...
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