Winston Churchill

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Winston Churchill: World War II
Throughout Winston Churchill’s nationalistic career, he served the United Kingdom as a war correspondent, soldier, politician, member of the British Parliament, first lord of the Admiralty, and prime minister. Churchill took the role of inspiring Britain during the dark days of World War II. Winston Churchill became a great leader during World War II due too preparation during his youth, clever political decisions and great oratory skills.

Winston Churchill was born at Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, on November 30, 1874. He was the eldest son of Lord Randolph Churchill, Chancellor of the Exchequer, and Jennie Churchill, the daughter of a New York businessman. Churchill attended St. George’s Ascot, a preparatory school at the age of seven. Churchill showed interest in learning how to read but didn’t care for the rest of his subjects. In 1888 Winston transferred to Harrow, another high-status preparatory school. Churchill was always fascinated by anything that had to do with military, particularly in toy soldiers and mock warfare. In 1893 he qualified to attend Sandhurst Royal Military College as a cavalry cadet. After graduating in 1894, he was commissioned in the British Army and joined the Fourth Hussars. (Byers p.50)

Churchill’s early military career began in 1894 when he graduated eighth out of a class of 150 (Winston Churchill).His career in the British army was brief but eventful. After joining the Fourth Hussars in 1895, Churchill travelled to Cuba to observe the Spanish fight the Cubans. After Cuba, Churchill was transferred to Bombay, British India where he fought for the British Army against the Pashtun tribe of India. After fighting in numerous wars, Churchill looked for another opportunity to advance his career. On October 12, 1899, the Second Boer War between Britain and the Boer Republics broke out and he was commissioned as war correspondent for "The Morning Post.” A few weeks into to war, while traveling with a scouting expedition Churchill was captured and imprisoned in a POW camp in Pretoria. He escaped from the prison camp and was after known as a hero in Britain for his bravery (Winston Churchill). Churchill later rejoined the army and fought to take over Pretoria. Throughout Churchill's early military career aside from fighting for Britain, He expanded his interest in journalism and wrote many stories from war experience. Some of his books were "The Story of the Malakon Field Force, The River War, and The Second World War."

When World War II began in September 1939, Churchill returned as first lord of the Admiralty ready to keep the Nazis from taking over Britain. He was also Britain's Chancellor of Exchequer, which meant that he was responsible for all the economic and financial matters in Britain and other nations. During their darkest days, Paris and France were both taken over. He took great pride in fighting for Britain at this time. His intensions were always to stick up for his country. Churchill was also very inspirational while being a leader for Britain. Through his powerful speeches and his great oratory skills, Churchill gained Britain's attention with. On May 13, 1940 Churchill gave his speech "Blood, Toil, Tears, and Sweat," at the House of Commons in his effort to boost Britain's morale, an excerpt reads "It is to wage war, by sea, land, and air, with all our might and with all the strength that God can give us" (Bigelow, Slowey p.10). His biggest goal was to keep Britain encouraged and to save the last hopes they had of not being taken over by the Nazis. In the same speech, Churchill said, "We must not allow ourselves to be intimidated by the presence of these armored vehicles in unexpected places behind our lines..." (Bigelow, Slowey p.11), the quote shows that Churchill was very encouraging through his speeches. At this time in May 1940, Neville Chamberlain resigned as prime minister and Churchill took his place. He worked to his...
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