May 7th, 2012
Tonya O'Neil, RN, MSN, CHES
Windshield surveys are short and simple surveys that are conducted through visual observations within the environment of the community. These surveys are used to obtain information and ultimately define various aspects of the community including the residents living there. Once the community has been scoped for trends of society, resources, and aspects that could affect health, the data is reviewed for potential community needs. These needs can then be prioritized based on other data derived from the community. Change is implemented to introduce or reinforce a higher quality of health and lifestyle for the community.
Some aspects of my community that could affect health include skin cancer, heat exhaustion or heat stroke, and dehydration. The community and its residence are very active. Wearing sunscreen, hats, and sunglasses could prevent not only sunburn but could also prevent skin cancers and harm to the eyes. In Arizona, the residents are exposed to sunlight almost the entire day whether outside or driving in their cars. Heat exhaustion or heat stroke can lead to death. Being in temperatures reaching 115 degrees or higher certainly increases the chances of a heat stroke; especially while being active. Even the most experienced athlete or hiker can fall to the burning heat of the Arizona sun. Dehydration is an issue that affects all residents in the state of Arizona during the summer months. The air and hear are dry, therefore water loss is not as noticeably. Constant hydration in the summer months is imperative for good health. Two to three hours in the hot sun without water could kill a person.
Community can be defined as a group of people living in a specific shared area. Community as the client is referred to when habits or social norms of the community can be hazardous to the individuals living in the community. Therefore the community must be provided alternate lifestyles options to improve the health of the overall community. Community health is measured by mortality rates, demographics, socio-economics, and structures. Problems and behaviors are assessed in the community to improve the quality of health through community partnerships (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008).
Health-Related Quality of Life and Well-Being is a new topic area for Healthy People 2020. The “Healthypeople.gov”(2010) website states, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has several dimensions that encompass realms related to a person’s life including social functioning, mental, emotional, and physical wellness. Its primary focus is the quality and satisfaction of a person’s life. It assesses a person’s overall well-being. Currently we use models to measure the effects of illness and treatment. New theories and models will need to be developed through self-reporting surveys related to personal reflections on how well adapted and positively influenced a person’s well-being is in every aspect of their life including education, social, work, personal relationships, and leisure activities despite any physical ailments. I find this topic to be of interest as it is one of the founding theories of nursing philosophy. Nurses already encompass this theory in everyday interactions with patients. It is a matter of collecting data and determining how best to provide the emotional tools for personal satisfaction with oneself and one’s life to achieve happiness and overall well-being.
Create a Windshield Survey that includes the following components:
|Housing and zoning: The houses in |Transportation: A majority of |Race and ethnicity: The predominate| |the community were all built in |people have personal cars to get in|race in the neighborhood is | |1995 or 1996. The exterior of |and out of the neighborhood. There |Caucasian....