Wines of Spain

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  • Topic: Wine, Spanish wine, Denominación de Origen
  • Pages : 10 (2914 words )
  • Download(s) : 107
  • Published : May 16, 2013
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Table of Contents

Abstract………………………..…………………………………………page 5

Introduction…………………..………………………………………….page 5

What is Wine?...........................................................................................page 5

History of Spanish Wine………………………………………………..page 6-7

Spanish Grape Varieties…………….………………………………….page 8

Ageing Classification System of Spanish Wines………..…………..…page 8

Quality Classification System of Spanish Wines………………………page 9

Sherry….……………………………………………………………...…page 11

Wine Tourism in Spain…………………………………………………page 12

Recommendations……………………………………………………….page 14

Conclusion………………………………………………………………..page 15

References……………………………………………………………....page 17

Abstract

This research focuses on the analysis of Spain’s wine history, classification systems, wine regions as well as its grape varieties. Furthermore, it introduces us to its special wines, soil characteristics and gives an overview of consumption market.

Introduction

Spain boasts the largest vineyard surface area of any nation in the world. Unlike most wine-producing countries, there is literally something for everyone in Spain; Spanish wineries craft high-quality wines of numerous varieties, including reds, whites, sparkling wine and even sherry. Yes, we knew all these but we overlooked the important point of how all these happened. Well, those who are unfamiliar with Spain’s wines and are interested to learn something new, are welcome to come along and discover the world of Spanish wines and their production history.

What is Wine?

Put very simply, wine is a drink made from the fermented juice of freshly-picked grapes. As such it is often described as one of the most natural of all alcoholic drinks. However, wine is more than just an alcoholic grape juice. There are many influences on how a wine looks, smells and tastes which give a wide variety of styles. That variety will give a wide selection of wines to choose from in a bar, restaurant or shop. To be more specific, there are three types of wine: light, sparkling and fortified wine. Each one of them can be made in a variety of styles according to the color (red, white and rose) and the taste (dry, medium, sweet).

History of Spanish Wine

Wine has touched many of history’s greatest events. For centuries, wine has been the drink of choice of poets, novelists, playwrights, artists, and composers. It is unclear precisely where vines were first cultivated in Spain or who brought the winemaking techniques. Various sources believe the first vineyards were cultivated on the southwest coast of Andalusia. As the years gone by, the Romans continued to produce wine in this area, introducing their own particular techniques over time, for example, the ageing in small clay amphorae in sunlit attic areas or next to chimneys. According to contemporary accounts these wines acquired floral and fruity aromas and flavours and an appreciated smoky taste. In the 8th century, the arrival of the Arabs slowed the winemaking development as the Koran prohibited the consumption of alcoholic and fermented drinks. Despite this religious prohibition, the cultivation of vineyards continued as certain dynasties were liberal in their treatment of the dominated Christians and allowed them to continue making wine, particularly in the monasteries. Spanish winemaking really prospered after the conquest of Spain by the Catholic Kings.  The re-established religious monasteries and communities played a major role in this process.. After the phylloxera epidemic in the late 19 century, France imported wines from Spain to make up the local shortfall. The wines were not as French expected them to be and so French winemakers went to Spain and introduced their winemaking techniques which included aging in oak barrels. But instead of choosing French oak barrels, Spanish winemakers chose American oak which can create a stronger flavor to the wine. For the last few years, Spanish winemakers were...
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