Some aspects of a community that could affect health are:
Social Support Systems
Community Health Care Systems
Social Support Systems - Are personal network of family friends, co-workers and peers. They are the people you turn to in good times and bad. Studies show that people who share their lives with others will live longer, have fewer illnesses and enjoyed enhanced quality of life. Being part of a social system can act as a buffer between an individual and the difficult situation in their life (nyc.gov). 2)
Community Health Systems - Consists of general and acute care hospitals; inpatient and outpatient services, general acute care, Emergency Rooms, Medical/Surgical services, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Psychiatry and Rehabilitation (nyc.gov). 3)
Economic Resources - Are the assets which an economy may have available to supply and produce goods and services to meet the ever-changing needs and wants of individuals and society as a whole (nyc.gov). 4)
Environmental Factors - Affect human health in important ways, both positive and negative. Positive environmental factors sustain health and promoting them is preventive medicine, e.g. nutrition, water, exercise, recreation, sanitation, waste recycling and disposal. Negative environmental factors are threats to health, and controlling them is public environmental health (nyc.gov).
Community Defined – A community is a social group determined by geographic boundaries and/or common values and interests. It functions within a particular social structure and exhibits and creates norms, values and social institutions [WHO, 1974, p.7] (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008). Community Health – Is the meeting of collective needs by identifying problems and managing behaviors within the community itself and between the community and the larger society. The use of status, structure and process is used to define community health. Status measures vital statistics, e.g. births and deaths; incidence and prevalence of leading causes of mortality and morbidity, health risk profiles and functional ability levels. Examples of Structure are health facilities, health manpower and health resource patterns. Process is commitment to community health e.g. awareness of self and others, effective communication, conflict containment and accommodation, participation, management of relationships with society and machinery for facilitating participant interaction and decision making (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008). Community as Client - When focusing on community as a client, direct clinical care can be a part of population-focused community health practice (Elsevier). For example, sometimes direct nursing care is provided to individuals and family members because their health needs are common community-related problems. Changes in their health will affect the health of the community. Also, the treatment of a client for tuberculosis reduces the risk to other community members. This care reduces the risk of an epidemic in the community (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008).
A Healthy People 2020 health Indicator that applies to my specialty area is in my field of experience in Mental Health is - Suicides.
Housing and zoning
Housing in my neighborhood consists primarily of privately owned pre-war apartment buildings and condos built mostly in the 1920s and 1930s; three of them were totally refurbished in the 1970s. They are similar in architectural designs and constructed from bricks. Most are detached with very little front or back space and their outward appearances are appropriate. Most have locked doors and central heating and modern plumbing.
There is a large park and five blocks of areas filled with park benches on both sides with many trees and green grass. There are also trees on the sidewalks and...
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