According to Stanhope and Lancaster (2008) defines a community as: “A social group determined by geographic boundaries and/or common values and interests. Its members know and interact with one another. It functions within a particular social structure and exhibits and creates norms, values, and social institutions” (World Health Organization [WHO], 1974, pg. 7). Stanhope and Lancaster (2008) defines community health as having: “three common characteristics, or dimensions: status, structure, and process. Stanhope & Lancaster (2008) also go on to say: “Each dimension reflects a unique aspect of community health: (pg. 345). Community health in terms of status, or income, is the most well known and accepted approach; it involves biological, emotional, and social parts. The biological (or physical) part of community health is often measured by traditional morbidity and mortality rates, life expectancy indexes, and risk factors profile” (pg. 345).
The community is the client if a nurse is helping individuals even one at a time in the community. Stanhope and Lancaster (2008) states: “The community is the client only when the nursing focus is on the collective or common good of the population instead of on individual health” (pg. 344) and “Although the nurse may work with individuals, families or other interacting groups, aggregates, or institutions, or within a population, the resulting changes are intended to affect the whole community” (Stanhope and Lancaster, 2008, pg. 344).
One Healthy People 2020 health indicator that applies to this particular area, which is Oklahoma City, would be “Quality of life and well-being” (Healthy People 2020 at a glance. (2010). There is a large population of poverty level residents. Many people in the community of the south side Oklahoma City are living in homes that are not safe or are unclean. Additional aspects will be discussed in the Window Survey of south Oklahoma City. The boundary for the north part of Oklahoma...
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