COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING
NAME: _______________________________ DATE OF SURVEY____________
COMMUNITY NAME AND LOCATION ASSIGNED IN CLINICAL________________________________________
A Windshield Survey is the data collected as the observer drives through a community/neighborhood for an observational assessment of the community. This type of survey reveals such things as community resources, safety or “walk-ability” of the community, type of social interactions, and community values through symbols such as graffiti, billboards, home maintenance etc. It is a composite of data collected through personal observation. Theses observations assist the community health nurse to identify objective data that may help identify trends, problems, needs, structures, processes, and status elements to determine the health of the community. This information can be analyzed against the components of Healthy Cities.
A. Boundaries: Where is the community located? What are the boundaries-natural or man made? B. Where is the major health facilities located?
C. What health care facilities are necessary for the community but are not located within the community? D. Is there easy access to health facilities?
E. Are there any geographic features, plants, or animals that may harm the community? F. Are there ample schools? Are they in good repair, disrepair, overcrowded? G. Is public protection evident such as police, fire, EMS?
A. Who is on the street? How are they dressed? What are they doing? B. What is the origin, ethnicity, or race of the people?
C. How are the different groups residentially located?
D. What evidence do you see of racial and or ethnic characteristics of the people? (Food stores, churches, private schools, information in a language other than English?) E. What denomination are the churches?
F. How would you categorize the socioeconomic status of the residents? Why? G. Is there any evidence of drug abuse, violence, disease, mental illness? What makes you think so?
A. What industries are within the community?
B. Could these pose a threat to the health of community workers or the community itself? C. Are roads adequate and well marked?
A. How are neighborhoods alike or different in age, type of architecture, materials of construction? B. How are houses spaced? Is their vacant housing? Why?
C. How old are the homes? Is the housing in good repair or disrepair?
5. SPACE USE
A. How is land used (open space, residential, industrial, commercial?) B. What is the quality of the space: parks or rubble-filled lots, flowers, concrete etc.? C. Is open space public or private?
6. COMMON AREAS
A. What are the “hangout” places where people gather?
B. Do “hangout” places differ by age, socioeconomic status or other factors? C. Are common areas “territorial” or open to strangers?
A. How do people get in and out of the community?
B. How do streets, roads and methods of transportation appear to affect the community life? C. Is public transportation available? Safe?
8. SERVICE CENTERS
A. Do you see social agencies, health facilities, recreation centers, signs of activities at the schools? B. Are there offices of doctors, dentists, palmists, spiritualists etc.?
Where do residents shop? How do they travel to shop? What kinds of goods are available to local residents?
10. STREET SENSE
A. Who do you see on the streets? Mothers and babies, teenagers, unemployed males, door-to-door sales people? Are they typical of people you would expect to see on the streets at the time you see them. B. Are the people you see dressed as you would expect to see them on the streets at the time that you see them? C. Do you see animals such as stray cats, dogs, pedigreed pets, “watchdogs”, rats, etc?
11. COMMUNITY GROWTH
A. Do you see...