Windshield Survey

Topics: Health care, Public health, Health care provider Pages: 11 (1616 words) Published: June 9, 2011
Windshield Survey

When planning a care plan or services for a community as a registered nurse, it is

imperative to be fully aware of all aspects pertaining to that specific area. Such aspects

include acquiring knowledge of the community, health-related resources that may be

useful to its’ members, and learning about gaps in services. The following paragraphs

will discuss data particular to the city of Covina, California in the purpose of conducting

an assessment and survey of the community.


A community is defined as a local area made of formal organization systems

mirroring society’s institutions, informal groups, and aggregates (Shuster & Goeppinger,

2008). In specific, Covina is considered a fairly small city in the heart of San Gabriel

Valley of Los Angeles County. The community of Covina mission statement is as

follows: To provide responsive municipal services and manage public resources to

enhance the quality of life for our community (City of covina, n.d.). Another important

part of a community is the health community aspect. “Community health has three

characteristics: status, structure, and process” (Shuster & Goeppinger, 2008, pp. 345).

Rather than focusing on shared characteristics of people, community health focuses on

geographic areas. Status, for example, makes up the biological, emotional, and social

parts. Services and resources are the structure part of community health, and third,

process is defined as the steps needed for community action (Shuster & Goeppinger,

2008, pp. 345-347). Every community may also be referred as a client, especially when

the attention is set to the population.

Community Aspects Affecting Health

Different aspects of a community may hinder health. Examples of three effects

include: childhood obesity, diabetes trends, and smoking rise. Today childhood obesity

is considered both a national and local crisis. More than one in five children from fourth

to ninth grade are currently overweight (L.A. Health, 2008) . Related to this terrifying

community fact, many health and economic concerns have arisen and continue to

increase in Covina. Low self-esteem and other chronic conditions are only a few

consequences of childhood obesity. Educating the public is imperative to provide

healthier lifestyles to their families. In addition, minimal areas for physical activities, and

the community’s food supply related to poverty in Covina must be of equally importance

to treat (L.A. Health, 2008). The second community aspect that affects health is diabetes.

The rise of diabetes among young adults has increased from 8.6% in 2005 according to

(L.A. Health, 2007). Per surveys that have been conducted by the Los Angeles Health,

diabetes is mainly identified by race/ethnicity, income, and level of education within the

community (2007). It is imperative that monitoring and consistent self-care is provided

in the community for those that are diabetic. In addition, an observed effect in the

community is the rise in people smoking. Health care professionals are an important part

in smoking cessation. According to McAfee and Sofian (1998) cessation rates increase

when health care providers advise smokers on quitting. The public should be educated

that use of tobacco continues to be the number one cause of disease, disability, and

premature death, which can be preventable with smoking cessation (McAfee & Sofian,



2020 Health Indicator of the Community

An indicator from the (n.d.) website that applies to specialty

areas and assessment of the community is preparedness. Preparedness...
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