March 28, 2011
Aspects of the Community that Could Affect Health
At every bus stop and train line people stand with their ipods listening to music. Cars drive by with the music at the highest volume. Loud noises can damage hearing. Alcohol abuse can lead to pancreatitis, as well as smoking leading to cancer. Improper use of drugs can cause addictions that may lead to overdose. Accidents, such as vehicular homicide can be caused due to speeding and hit and run. Injuries caused by gang fights or gunshots have become prevalent in our communities. Terms Defined
“A community is defined as a social group determined by geographic boundaries and/or common values and interests. Its members know and interact with one another. It functions within a particular social structure and exhibits and creates norms, values and social institutions” (World Health Organization [WHO], 1974, p.7).
Community health is the meeting of collective needs by identifying problems and managing behaviors within the community itself and between the community and the larger society. Status, structure, and process comprise community health.
A community is viewed as a client only when the nursing focus is on the collaborative or common good of the population instead of on individual health.
Healthy People 2020 Indicator of a Nursing Role
Healthy People 2010 is a publication from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS, 2000). It offers vision of the future for health and specific objectives to help attain that vision. It promotes partnership with communities, states, and national organizations and suggests
multidisciplinary approaches to achieve health equity. Improving health includes education, housing, labor, justice, transportation, agriculture, and environment.
Home healthcare nurses empower individuals to make
informed health care decisions that entails tailoring approaches to prevent further illnesses that may occur. Specific communities ensure community participation in the process. Unfortunately, the area introduced in this survey has limited access to community resources.
Purpose and Methodology
This windshield survey will capture a different environment visited by a home healthcare worker daily. By definition, a windshield survey is broad-based and cursory. Components will be identified that make up this particular area’s reason for being viewed different in comparison to other areas of the city.
Housing and Zoning
The South Side is a major part of the City of Chicago, which is located in Cook County, Illinois, United States. Much of it evolved from the city’s incorporation of independent townships, which voted along with several other townships to be annexed in the June 29, 1889 elections. It was originally defined as the city south of the main branch of the Chicago River, but it now excludes the Loop (Chicago’s downtown area). It has varied in its ethnic composition, and it has great disparity in income and other demographic measures. The South Side covers 60% of the city’s land area, with a higher ratio of single-family homes and larger sections zoned for industry than the rest of the city.
The boundary is best defined as Western Avenue or the railroad tracks adjacent to Western Avenue. This border extends further south to a former railroad right of way paralleling Beverly Avenue and then Interstate 57.