Windows vs Linux

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WINDOWS
VS
LINUX

Ali Elreda
ENG 352-456
Professor Moylan
3/16/2013
Table of Contents

Abstract
This article is a comparison between two similar but yet different operating systems Microsoft Windows and Linux. One will have a clear idea about each of these systems and would not find it difficult choosing between them. An operating system is somewhat a software program that connects the users with the hardware of the computer. Without an operating system a computer is useless. There are many different operating systems in the world today. One can argue that Microsoft Windows is the top selling operating system today, while Linux is in the top ten. The purpose of this article is to discuss different features of these two systems for example, price, and ease of use, reliability, software, software cost, hardware, security and support. Principle

As mentioned before, operating systems are mandatory in computers. Without these OS there is no use for computers. “Once the operating system has started up, it manages all of the software and hardware on the computer. Most of the time, there are many different programs running at the same time, and they all need to access your computer’s Central Processing Unit (CPU), memory, and storage. The operating system coordinated all of this to make sure that each program gets what it needs. Without the operating system, the software wouldn’t even be able to talk to the hardware, and the computer would be useless.”[1] History of Microsoft Windows

Microsoft Windows is arguably the number one operating system in the world. Before Windows came along, in 1980 Gates and his classmate Ballmer discovered an operating system named Microsoft Disk Operating System. After users had difficulties in this system Gates and Ballmer worked on a new and easy design for an OS. In 1985, Bill Gates, the chairman of Microsoft, released the first ever Windows OS, which was called Windows 1.0 at the time. From 1987 to 1992, Microsoft worked on various operating systems named Windows 2.0-2.11. Each has specific features which changed the OS history. In 1990, Gates announced Windows 3.0 which was then followed by Windows NT in 1993. Then came the Internet Era and of course Microsoft came out with another brilliant OS, Windows 95, in which Microsoft sold more than 7 million copies in the first 5 weeks. During the years of 1995 to 2000, Microsoft unleashed a series of OS which changed computers dramatically. In 2001, Windows XP was introduced. Five years later, Windows Vista came along and sharpened the security of computers. In 2009, Windows 7 came along to coincide with the wireless world. And finally, in 2012, Microsoft released the highly technical and innovative Windows 8. [2]

Figure 1- Windows1.0 to Windows 8 [3]

History of Linux
Unlike Bill Gates and Microsoft, Linux operating systems were released in 1991 by a Linus Torvalds, a student at the University of Helsinki in Finland. Torvalds unleashed the Linux OS for free on the internet. Unlike Microsoft, Linux was free and caught the attention of various companies. Even though Torvalds built it as a hobby, Linux expanded to beyond Torvalds expectations. “But something sets Linux apart from these operating systems. The Linux operating system represented a $25 billion ecosystem in 2008. Since its inception in 1991, Linux has grown to become a force in computing, powering everything from the New York Stock Exchange to mobile phones to supercomputers to consumer devices. As an open operating system, Linux is developed collaboratively, meaning no one company is solely responsible for its development or ongoing support. Companies participating in the Linux economy share research and development costs with their partners and competitors. This spreading of development burden amongst individuals and companies has resulted in a large and efficient ecosystem and unheralded software innovation.”[4]

Figure 2- Linux...
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