Windows vs Linux

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LOVELY PROFESSIONAL UNIVERSITY

TERM PAPER

TOPIC: - WINDOWS VERSUS LINUX

SUBMITTED TO: - SUBMITTED BY:-

Mr. Raj SinghSatnam Singh

RD1901A21

10902610

Acknowledgement

I am very thankful to god who gave me this position to do this type of project. I am thankful to my respected Sir Mr. RAJ SINGH who guided me to do as well as I can do in this term paper. My topic is “WINDOWS VS LINUX” and it is very interesting topic for me. With the help of Mr. RAJ SINGH, I had gained a lot of knowledge from this topic. Beside this my friends also helped me a lot in this topic.

CONTENTS

• INTRODUCTION:-

• COST

• INSTALLATION

• APPLICATION SOFTWARE

• HARDWARE

• USER INTERFACE

• SECURITY/STABILITY

• TROUBLESHOOTING

• SOURCE CODE

• REPUTATION

• FILE STRUCTURE

• NO REGISTRY

• PACKAGE MANAGER

• INTERCHANGEABLE Interfaces

• COMMAND TERMINAL

• DO-IT-YOURSELF ATTITUDE

• REFERENCES

INTRODUCTION:-

This report is a critical comparison of the computer operating systems (OS), Windows and Linux. It is written for an average audience that uses a computer almost every day and is now curious to know which operating system is better. The audience is assumed to have sufficient knowledge to understand the various aspects of an OS, but is not aware of the specific details of each OS. This report analyzes the different features of both operating systems in order to arrive at a conclusion on which OS is better for daily use. Both systems are evaluated on a wide range of criteria such as cost, installation process, software applications, hardware, user interface, security/stability, troubleshooting, and the implementation of the OS itself. These will help decide which of the two systems is better to use on a daily basis.

Before I begin the comparison the reader needs to know that Windows is created, maintained, and updated by Microsoft. No one from outside can access the underlying code. However, Linux is created and updated by volunteers all over the world, which is why there are so many different variations of Linux like Red Hat, SuSE, Mandrake Soft and a few more. The important features of the operating systems are discussed below.

COST:-

The Windows operating system is significantly more expensive than the Linux operating system. In fact, the Linux OS can even be obtained for no cost through many websites. Also, only one copy of Windows can be installed once, whereas Linux can be installed as many times as needed. As of January 2005, the price of a Windows-based operating system is $300.00 at Wal-Mart, while the price of a Linux-based operating system is $200.00. So, when it comes to cost, Linux is preferable over Windows.

INSTALLATION:-

The installation of the Windows OS is more straightforward and self-explanatory. Almost anyone can install Windows on a computer. Installation of the Linux OS, on the other hand, is very complicated since the instructions are written in a highly technical language that not many average computer users are familiar with. Most of the time, an expert is required to perform the installation of Linux. This was once sarcastically referred to in a cartoon: to Linux, “non-technical” people meant those who have never actually created something for Linux and not people who have never used Linux before. The procedure for installing Windows or any other software is always consistent and varies a great deal from the installation of Linux and its software. An average person with a limited knowledge of computers would prefer Windows over Linux for its simple and straightforward installation process.

APPLICATION SOFTWARE:-

There are more software applications available for the Windows...
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