Fourteen Points was a name given to the proposals of President Woodrow Wilson designed to establish the basis for a just and lasting peace following the victory of the Allies in World War 1. The 14 proposals were contained in Wilson's address to a joint session of the US Congress on January 8, 1918. In summary, the 14 points were as follows : 1.
abolition of secret diplomacy by open covenants
freedom of the seas in peace and war, except as the seas may be closed in whole or part by international action for enforcement of international covenants; 3.
removal of international trade barriers wherever possible and establishment of an equality of trade conditions among the nations consenting to the peace 4.
reduction of armaments consistent with public safety
adjustment of colonial disputes consistent with the interests of both the controlling government and colonial population 6.
evacuation of Russian territory, with the proviso of self-determination 7.
evacuation and restoration of Belgium
evacuation and restoration of French territory, including Alsace-Lorraine 9.
readjustment of Italian frontiers along clearly recognizable lines of nationality 10.
autonomy for the peoples of Austria-Hungary
evacuation and restoration of territory to Serbia, Montenegro, and Romania, granting of seaports to Serbia, and readjustment and international guarantee of the national ambitions of the Balkan nations 12.
self-determination for non-Turkish peoples under Turkish control and internationalization of the Dardanelles 13.
an independent Poland, with access to the sea
creation of a general association of nations under specific covenants to give mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity.
Sacco-Vanzetti Case, controversial murder case in Massachusetts that lasted from 1920 to 1927. Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Italian immigrants who had arrived in the US in 1908, were charged by the state with the murders of a paymaster and...
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