William Penn & John Winthrop's Goals in Colonization

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During the early colonization of the East coast of North America, many groups of people of Europe came to the New World such as the Puritans and Quakers. Both the Puritans, led by John Winthrop, and the Quakers, led by William Penn, were escaping persecution from England but each they had their own views and goals in religion, politics, and ethnic relations. Being on the native land of the local Indians, both Penn and Winthrop had to face issues and negotiations with the Indians. Penn and Winthrop had their own separate approaches to politics but they both sought a more just system than the one in England. After being persecuted, both Penn and Winthrop wanted their people to be free worship, but Penn and Winthrop each had their own approach to the institution and toleration of religion. Arriving to North America, the Indians grew worried of the growing population of European settlers and colonists coming in and taking their lands. Though both Penn and Winthrop sought to gain lands for colonization, Penn had a more peaceful approach to the Indians. Penn would create good relations with the natives and the Quakers would negotiate over the lands in a just manner. Penn encouraged the Indian culture to come into the Quaker communities while Winthrop wanted to exclude the Indians out the Puritan communities. The Puritans in turn would just take lands from the Indians and force the Indians to fall back into the backcountry. Winthrop believed that the Indians “inclose no land, neither they have any settled habitation, nor any tame Cattle to improve the land by...we may lawfully take the [land].” Aside from the relations with the Indians, both Penn and Winthrop had their different approaches to setting up a local government. Winthrop, being a Puritan, believed in creating a government that was ruled by the church and that the church makes the political decisions for the Puritan community. In contrast, Penn was a Quaker who believed that the government should be completely...
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