As we go into the new millennium, global environmental pollution and the related climate change remain one of the most challenge to the world. Global environment which is the single most challenge facing the world will continue to deteriorate unless urgent measures are taken into consideration.
Historical and social background
The first instance of global environmental challenge was raised back in late 19th century. However this was not taken seriously not until the1950s when serious effects of environmental challenge were first noted with various changes in the global climate and Polar Regions. The first incidences of global environmental challenge were noted with the changes in the polar region. Scientist raised concern that the polar ice was meeting at a very high rate and the world was losing a precious water reserves (Ruddiman, 2005).
Apart from losing the polar ice, it was also noted that there as increased incidence of diseases and pest in the world. These were the earlier evidence which were coming up in the 1960s which showed that there was changing environmental challenges. The raped rate of change of deterioration of the environmental changes clearly indicated that there were radical changes that were taking place in the environment (Viotto and Kauppi, 2009).
However the most critical changes that turned the attention of the world the issue of environmental changes was the change in global temperature. One of the challenges that are posed by global warming to the human race is global warming. Edouard and Frank (2006, p. 2) assert that for the last one hundred years, the average global temperature has increased by 0.74± 0.18 from 1995 to 2005. According to Kanautkhove (2001, p. 42) the main cause of global warming is increased emission of green house gases including carbon dioxide, methane, and others. Increased emission of these gases has led to a rise in their... [continues]
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