Writing Assignment 1
Dr. Winona Fleenor
June 15, 2011
When a child is born it is very important part of its life to have human contact. This is what has happen to what the experts have called “The Wild Child”. However instead of human contact they have had contact with animals that have adopted them into their pack. It could have been by dogs, monkeys, wolfs or even bears. Some children are lost in the woods at a very young age or have even walked away from family because of different situations. So the animals become their sergeant families. They learn by watching and mimic what others do.
This is the same with babies as they grow with their care takers. They watch and mimic what someone does. The babies and even young children need human contact to be able to grow and learn. If a child is locked up in a closet or attic like Genie then we can learn from that how a human will still act like a newborn and not learn to speak or even do things for theirs self’s because they have no one to learn from.
When you look at the stories of two wild children you do see a lot of similarities also you see some difference. It is all about how you look at the stories, for instance you have Genie who was thirteen years old and locked in a room and was tied to a potty chair. She could not speak only make noises; she was forced to be alone all day and most nights. This was wrong in so many ways. Then you have Victor, who was raised in the wild by animals and when he was discovered there was so many questions on how he lived and what he did. Victor also could not speak words and even did not like wearing clothing. He seemed to be happier outdoors in the elements than inside a house. Much like all “wild children” the scientific and ethical dilemmas and the significance of this studies is what we can learn from them. We need to make sure that we cause no harm to them in the long run. We also need to make sure they are safe and then help them in any way that we can. Part II
For over 60 years the America Physchogical Association has faced ethical problems without a formal code. Then in 1982 a code of ethics was founded to help the APA better solve and study problems that exist within the human world. The researchers would do research on either humans or animals to see if they could find a cure for some disease that was taken over. This would make either animal rights group protest for harming the animals or the human rights groups say that they were killing people. So the APA came up with some guidelines that need to be followed. You will see that there are different guidelines for the humans to the animals. Also what these guidelines mean for each. The research which involves humans these standards must be met. 1) Informed Consent: this means that the participants must know what research they are in and must be able to give consent or permission. 2) Deception: this means to make sure that the participants are not deceived in any way. 3) Coercion: this means that the participants cannot be coerced in any way to give their consent for the study. 4) Anonymity: the researchers may not give out any personal information about the participants. 5) Risk: the participants cannot be place in any significant mental or physical risk. 6) Debriefing Procedures: The participants must be told of the purpose of their study and also how to get a hold of the researchers with any problems or even their results to any test that was performed.
The research standers which involve animal research are different than the ones that involve humans. Below you will see the different. 1) Purpose: they must have a clear scientific purpose.
2) Care: The animals must be cared for and housed in a human way. 3) Acquiring Animals: must be acquired legally and purchased from accredited company. 4) Suffering: they must design experimental procedures that...