Why were the Nazis successful in keeping the support of most of the German people between 1933-39?
By 1933, Hitler and the Nazi Party had already had number of great achievements, one of them being the fact that Hitler had gone from operating the Munich Putsch, to becoming Chancellor. Also, he hosted the Berlin Olympics in 1936, which proved to be a huge success after a large number of the medals went to the German Athletes. Also, it was an opportunity to show the world how much Germany had improved after a disastrous world war one, and to show off their brand new technology, which was scarce in other countries. In 1938, Kristallnacht took place which resulted in the death and arrest of thousands of Jews. This would have been seen as a set-back for other Jewish people in Germany; where as normal German people would have felt that this event would have been a positive thing. He had gained support from a large majority of the German Public, but in order to maintain his post of Chancellorship, he had to ensure that he was still gaining the votes he had already received to stay in power. He did this through a number of ways, from indoctrinating the young people of Germany, to adjusting the Economy and its’ policies.
Hitler and the Nazis made many political changes to Germany, which helped him hugely in gaining the German citizens’ vote. In 1933, the ‘Protection Law’ was passed, which meant that the leading Communist parties could not take part in elections, which meant that they could receive more votes. Later that year, Hitler also banned trade unions which meant that he had taken away the workers way of complaining about pay and working conditions. This meant that the workers had no way of complaining about working standards and so there fore meant Hitler did not receive any formal complaints about workplaces and kept the support of German workers. In July, a law was passed which banned the formation of new parties. Anyone who attempted to set up their own political party would have been sentences to prison for 3 years, and this also meant that people could only vote for the Nazis. As well as having opposition in the Reichstag, young rival youth groups were causing trouble. One of them was the ‘Swing Groups,’ which were just a nuisance rather than a real threat, but it did result in them saying ‘Heil Benny,’ instead of ‘Heil Hitler.’ However, the White Rose Group, which was led by Sophie and Hans Scholl, distributed anti-Nazi leaflets and Propaganda, trying to persuade people not to vote for Hitler and help in the war effort. Hitler had them exterminated to ensure that everyone was voting for the Nazi Party.
Propaganda played an enormous part in maintaining the support of the General Public. The leader of the ‘Ministry for Public Enlightenment’ was Josef Goebbels and it was his job to ensure that all people were indoctrinated with positive Nazi thoughts. Propaganda was used in the film industry, Nazi newspapers and through posters, all of which were used to brainwash the German public into believing that Hitler was the right choice. As well as newspapers and cinema, Hitler held rallies (especially in Nuremburg) to gain support of the voters, by enthralling them with their new lighting systems and Hitler’s inspiring speeches. This also meant that anyone who was causing trouble would have been dealt with the SA/SS for not supporting Hitler. A very famous event which took place was the Berlin Olympics in 1936, which was a good opportunity for Hitler to make the world believe that Germany was in good hands and on the road to recovery after a disastrous World War One. This also meant that he could brandish their brand new technological advances (e.g. lighting systems, cameras) to the world, and show other countries that they were fitter, stronger and faster than others. As well as this, they took down their anti-Semitic posters to show they were tolerant of other cultures in their community. This meant that other German...
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