Why Was Gallipoli a Failure?

Topics: World War I, Anzac Day, Gallipoli Campaign Pages: 6 (2354 words) Published: March 23, 2011
Turkey was on the same side as Germany in the First World War, which made them the Anzac's rival. It was decided that soldiers needed to land and fight in Turkey. This is where the famous battle of Gallipoli happened now known as ANZAC cove because of the horrific losses of the Australian forces in a so seemed futile and pointless battle. This essay highlights why the Gallipoli campaign was a failure.

Winston Churchill was the head of navy and Lord Kitchener, was the general commander of the war effort, who persuaded the attempt on the attack on the Dardanelles strait, a narrow stretched of water that linked the Aegean and Marmara Sea. In 1915, casualties’ rate was rising through the roof on the Western Front, and stalemate was the only way to go. Germany considered Turkey, to be one of its most valuable allies and was enticed to the idea of a triumph blow against it. The original plan was having British warships sweep through the Dardanelles strait, attack Constantinople and force Turkey out of war. During that time Britain was known to having the most powerful navy and the idea seemed effective. However things got on the wrong turn, when in March 1915, as the British and French ships entered the strait, where they were instantly attacked by a combination of mines and shell fire from the forts on the shore, this outbreak was unexpected and thus it immediately sank three battle cruisers and damaged many others. It was decided that this plan was not a success and consequently they agreed to forfeit the attack and launch a land invasion instead. “The expedition was plagued by inadequate resources. The question arose, if Britain lacked the resources to conduct such a campaign, was it wise to attempt it in first place?” This cause tells that during the beginning the British felt confident with their attack but was unexpected ambushed and was forced to retreat. The source indicates that supply was limited, and it was imprudent for the British to go on with the attack without acknowledging the Turks defence plan. On 25th of April, at four o’clock in the morning, troops went ashore as they were ordered to charge up the steep hillsides under sleet of firing machine guns that went on for most of the day. The beach was scattered with dead and dying bodies by mid-afternoon. “It seems that we have finished with general attack and are now reduced to be silly old game of trench warfare. Clearing the Dardanelles at this rate will mean some years’ work” . This source reveals that the attack is now over but the remaining time will be spent in the trench warfare and it would take a life time to clear all the bodies from Dardanelles. One part of the Allies’ campaign in the Dardanelles was successful. Submarines did get through the minefields of the strait to attack Constantinople harbour. Turkish warships, troopships and merchant vessels were sunk in such numbers that the Turkish was effort was seriously/ greatly affected. But the main fleet never again attempted to get through. “Shells were moaning and whining all around us and the noise of gunfire was something terrible. The Fort was firing like Hell. It was one continual deafening roar caused by the firing of our ships and the moaning, hissing noise of the enemy’s shells, and then we saw the Bouvet suddenly keel over and turn upside down. She sank in two and a half minutes taking the best part of her crew with her.” This attack was successfully performed by the British, they were able to sunk the Turks ships and get through the minefields of the strait to attack the Constantinople harbour. Turkish warships, troopships and merchant vessels were sunk in such numbers that the Turkish effort was greatly affected. “The landing place was a difficult one. A narrow sandy beach backed by a very high intricate mass of hills, those behind the beach being exceedingly steep. The moment the boat landed the men jumped out and rushed straight for the hills rising almost cliff- like only...
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