War is defined as the use of organized, socially-sanctioned, armed violence to achieve apolitical, social, or economic objective. Wars take huge place in human history. The futility and insanity of wars can not be ignored. Human history full of with bloody conflicts which even big civilizations disappeared. Why humans fight with each other is a complicated question. Two main reasons stand out why human history faced with wars as mental reasons and economic reasons. Firstly, mental reasons of was should be examined. Humans, as species, are biological organisms. If one wants to discover why wars occur; firstly, he or she should work on the nature of human. In antique ages humans like other species, solved their problems by fighting. The powerful one overcame the weak one and owned everything. Then fighting spread onto nations. Nations began to make war to gain every kind of power. Keith L. Nelson and Spencer Colin Jr. explain that humans both individual and as groups are aggressive organisms. They are essentially irrational so if only an organization of power balance can kept them in peace and stops war. (1980, p. 34-35) Also aiming to own more can cause huge wars. This aim can be various; money, land, power, contemporary example: information. The second mental reason is spreading religion. In the middle ages, human history faced with great religion wars. For many centuries, Christians believed that it was right and proper to use violence –and thus war- to spread the faith and deal with its opponents. They did not regard violence as an inherently bad thing; whether it was bad or not depended on what it was being used for (www. Bbc.co.uk 2001 parag.4) In addition to mental reasons, economic reasons of wars should be carefully considered. In human history, wealth, money has been the actual reason for lots of conflicts because if one had money or land he had the power. However in last centuries many thing have changed. Quincy Wright examined the...
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