University of Wroclaw
Erasmus Mundus Global Studies
Why Nazi came to power?
“What luck for rulers that men do not think.”
― Adolf Hitler
In our work we venture to explain events and factors, which led to the establishment of Nazi regime in Germany during 1933—1945. It is clear that there were dozens of events eventually procuring the hegemony of Nazism and one can hardly connect them altogether in few pages, but we will try to evaluate as many of them as possible. As sources of information for our essay we used a number of web resources, magazines and works of authors who focused on different aspects of the early Nazi history. Among those are W.L. Shirer, A.C. Sutton, J. Toland and G.G Preparata. Our work is divided into few parts. We begin with the definition of National-Socialism and its difference from often confused fascism. Later we analyse Germany’s political, social and economic factors which led to the establishment of Nazi regime. Among those we consider the Versailles Treaty with all of its consequences; the Great Depression, caused by Wall Street Crash, leading to mass unemployment in Germany; weak political system of Weimar Republic in late 20s. The second part is dedicated to the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP). We try to examine factors which furtheranced the party to seize political power and compete with its rivals. Among those are the leaders of the party, it’s financial support, military power, media resources and propaganda tools.
The definition of National Socialism
We would like to start with defining the term Nazism and seting its distinction from the term fascism, as many people very often confuse these terms. Fascism is the name given to the political movement that arose in Italy under the leadership of Benito Mussolini, who ruled that country from 1922 to 1943 and to a lesser degree the militaristic government that controlled Japan from 1940 to 1945 so too the Falangist movement led by...