Why Is There an Increase in Number of Out-of-School Youth in Dasmariñas, Cavite

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“Why is there an Increase in Number of Out-of-School Youth in Dasmariñas, Cavite?”

Sociology with Family Planning
CHAPTER I
The Problem and its Environment

“Education is the key to success.” Nobody can deny the hard fact that education is an extremely important for bringing change in the lives of individual but not all of us were given a chance to attend a formal school. It has universally been recognized as the most powerful instrument for gearing up the socio-economic development of the nation.

Out of school youth means having a vulnerable people who have needs. In fact, it can be said that it is pre-condition for the overall up-lift and welfare of nation. This is why investment in education is considered to be vital for human resource development and the enhancement of the quality of manpower. It is clear that the composition and characteristics of this most crucial part of population goes along the way in the process of national development of the policy makers and planners in their planning and decision making for the future.

According to the Law, every child must attend a formal school were he/she wants. The government should ensure and support the education of every child. That’s why the Department of Education offers free education to all. But this is not really applied by other institutions for they are concern on the salary of the teachers especially in private school.

Public schools offer free tuition for enrollment for elementary but also in High School students. This may count for high enrollment in schools, although the enrollment has a high result, many poor families in unable to finance the ancillary school needs of their children. The reason why out of school youth happens because of the problems in the family that forces a teenager to work early that they shouldn’t be.

Department of Education has now a program for out of school youth which is the Alternative Learning System (ALS) in which all the non-schoolers are given opportunity to pursue schooling. And even for those who are already married, they can still attend this program if they want to have a certificate that will help them find a better job. Also, for those who are dropped out in Elementary and Secondary School may have a chance to attend the Tertiary level by passing the examination.

CHAPTER II
Related Study and Literature

Have you ever seen yourself without holding a pen or a paper? Not reading books or drawing pictures? Do you ever wonder how it would really feel to belong in the alleged “out-of-school youth”? Out-of- School youth is the term used regarding those people who are not able to continue their study or have never experienced to attend to school. But not all of the people who belong to it have the intention to be out-of-school. Some of them would do everything to finish their studies but there are a lot of reasons why they are deprived from their right to education. According to Child Hope Asia-Philippines, “Poverty is stated as the primary contributor to the high growth of OSY but given that low education as the precarious employment contribute to poverty the OSY phenomenon largely occurs amongst the poor which is difficult trend to escape. Population growth is another important trend that increases the number of OSY. High population growth causes increasing stress to the other educational system. It is estimated that one of the four Barangays (neighborhood) in the Philippines have no elementary schools, depriving 1.6 million children even of the basic education and a third of the Barangays do not have complete elementary schools. While virtually every child in the Philippines enrolls grade 1, only seven out of 10 children enrolled in grade seven graduates from high school.” Another from reasonoutofschoolyouth.blogspot.com states that “Other reason that youth are not attending school are very similar to the reasons include unstable home...
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