Why Is Corruption a Problem?

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Why is Corruption a Problem?
Corruption is the use of public office for private gain, the use of official position, rank or status by an office bearer for his own personal benefit. (Khandu) Corruption can come in different forms, like bribery, extortion, cronyism, nepotism, patronage, graft and embezzlement. (Paper) Corruption can be a major obstacle in the process of economic, political, social and environmental development and in modernizing a country. (Myint) Corruption can also affect people’s health, income inequality and poverty. This essay will talk about the underlying causes of corruption, its consequences, and why corruption is a problem for countries and its people. Corruption is a major constraint that is hindering the country’s economic, political and social development. Corruption has a number of consequences. In particular, corruption lowers economic growth. An easy example would be public facilities. The people of the country pay taxes for new or better facilities in the country like public schools, swimming pools etc. If the government is corrupt, then there won’t be any new public school and that could lower the amount of educated people in the country. Another example would be the foreign investors. They wouldn’t dare to invest, to start a new company branch in a corrupt country because the country is not reliable. Because of those reasons, the country would be hard to develop. (Contributor) Consequence that corruption brings other than undeveloped economically is the social development of the country. The people of the country couldn’t trust the government anymore. The people could turn a rebellion against the government, they want their money back. They worked their hardest to get money to pay tax and their family needs, but instead the government just took the money away for his/her personal gain. The same applies to social rights worker protection, unionization prevention, and child labor. Violation of these laws rights enables corrupt countries to gain illegitimate economic advantage in the international market. (Contributor) Corruption poses a serious development challenge. In the political realm, it undermines democracy and good governance by flouting or even subverting formal processes. Corruption in elections and in legislative bodies reduces accountability and distorts representation in policymaking; corruption in the judiciary compromises the rule of law; and corruption in public administration results in the inefficient provision of services. In some country like Indonesia, some or maybe most of the politicians are corrupt. They can get huge houses, cars imported from other countries, etc. And to Indonesian politicians, you have to have all of these things because if you don’t you’ll be out casted by the other politicians. This buying-your-own-‘popular’-or-high-tech-stuff-from-the-country’s-money is seen as a habit throughout the generations of Indonesian politicians. If you don’t have a huge house or famous car, they’ll consider you as a poor, good for nothing politician (in countries like Indonesia, your social and economic standing in the country is seem very important). At the same time, corruption undermines the legitimacy of government and such democratic values as trust and tolerance. (Contributor) Corruption facilitates environmental destruction. Corrupt countries may formally have legislation to protect the environment; it cannot be enforced if officials can easily be bribed. One key element in the worldwide erosion of environmental quality is the erosion of human ethics. Without ethical behaviour, no movement to protect the environment can be fully effective. An example would be cutting down the trees. A politician wants to build his new house near the lake, but the lake is circle with the forest. The regulation of cutting down the trees over at the forest is not allowed. But, the politician uses his power and his money to bribe the people that are in charge of the environmental...
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