Define an information system from both a technical and a business perspective. From a technical perspective, an information system collects, stores and distributes information from an organization’s environment and internal operations to support organizational functions and decision making, communication, coordination, control, analysis, and visualization. Information systems transform raw data into useful information through three basic activities: input, processing and output.
From a business perspective, an information system provides a solution to a problem or challenge facing a firm and represents a combination of management, organization and technology elements. The management decision of information systems involves issues such as leadership, strategy, and management behavior. The technology dimension consists of computer hardware, software, data management technology and networking/telecommunications technology (including the internet). The organization dimension of information sytems involves issues such as the organizations hierarchy, functional specialties, business processes, culture and political interest groups.
Identify and describe the three dimensions of information systems: Organizations
Key elements of organizations – people/structure/business process/politics/culture -orgs have structures – different levels and specialties
Upper – managerial/professional/technical
Lower – operational personnel