Why Has the Number of Millionaire Cities Increased

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Why has the number of “millionaire cities” increased more rapidly in LEDC’s than MEDC’s in recent years? A millionaire city is a city with a population of over one million people. The number of millionaire cities is higher than ever before and is continuing to increase extremely fast. Recently the percentage of people living in urban areas has surpassed the number of people living in rural areas. This is due to a large proportion of people migrating to urban areas from rural areas. This is due to a large amount of LEDC countries undergoing an industrialisation. This took place in the UK during the industrial revolution and LEDC countries are now beginning to go through the same plan of development. The rural urban migration that has occurred in LEDC countries is due to many reasons which are either push or pull factors. Pull factors are factors such as better paid jobs, the prospect of following the city dream, better access too and quality of services, higher influence in politics and higher job security. Push factors include: exposure to poverty in rural areas, lack of services such as transport, schools and healthcare. There is also the risk of guerrilla warfare in rural areas. A prime example of these push and pull factors in action is Bangladesh. Bangladesh experiences a lot of flooding which encourages people to migrate from the rural areas of flooding too the more built up urban areas. Also areas that experience warfare are unsafe and therefore people move away from these areas and towards a safer area. These problems usually occur in LEDC’s but they can also occur in MEDC countries but less frequently. Another huge factor that contributes to this rapid growth of LEDC cities is that the growth of these cities is often unmanaged by the government. Therefore population growth has spiralled out of control and has lead to a large amount of millionaire cities occurring in LEDC countries. Without any control over the land and its use the slums expand...
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