Why England was the first to Industrialize
England was the first of the European countries to industrialize. It was the first country to
industrialize because the industrial revolution grew gradually out of the technical practices of
earlier times. England was perfect for trade, had lots of natural resources, and it also had a large
population. England was a wealthy country, with a good economy. First, Great Britain practiced
the policy of mercantilism. Secondly, agriculture played a significant role in the bringing out of
the Industrial Revolution in Britain. England’s population grew rapidly, providing a labor force
for industry. Lastly England already had a handcraft textile industry using wool.
Great Britain practiced the policy of mercantilism, they expanded their Atlantic economy
by mercantilism. The British merchant could sell more if only more could be produced. In order
to increase profit’ faster methods of production were needed. The market was endless if cotton
could be spun, woven, and printed with less labor. The colonial empire that Great Britain built
was enlarged by a strong position in Latin America and in the African Slave Trade which
provided a growing market for British manufactured goods. It was cheaper to ship goods by boat
instead of land transportation. Beginning in the 1700's a canal building boom greatly enhanced
this natural advantage. Rivers and canals provided England easy movement with their large
amounts of iron and coal.
Agriculture played a significant role in the bringing about of the Industrial
Revolution in Britain. Many landowners seeking to increase their money incomes began to
experiment with improved methods of cultivation and stock raising. Landowners made use of
fertilizers. They introduced new implements such as the "drill seeder" and "horse-hoe". They
developed new methods such as crop rotation and attempted to breed larger sheep and...
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