Why England Was the First Country to Industrialize

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Why England was the first to Industrialize

England was the first of the European countries to industrialize. It was the first country to

industrialize because the industrial revolution grew gradually out of the technical practices of

earlier times. England was perfect for trade, had lots of natural resources, and it also had a large

population. England was a wealthy country, with a good economy. First, Great Britain practiced

the policy of mercantilism. Secondly, agriculture played a significant role in the bringing out of

the Industrial Revolution in Britain. England’s population grew rapidly, providing a labor force

for industry. Lastly England already had a handcraft textile industry using wool.

Great Britain practiced the policy of mercantilism, they expanded their Atlantic economy

by mercantilism. The British merchant could sell more if only more could be produced. In order

to increase profit’ faster methods of production were needed. The market was endless if cotton

could be spun, woven, and printed with less labor. The colonial empire that Great Britain built

was enlarged by a strong position in Latin America and in the African Slave Trade which

provided a growing market for British manufactured goods. It was cheaper to ship goods by boat

instead of land transportation. Beginning in the 1700's a canal building boom greatly enhanced

this natural advantage. Rivers and canals provided England easy movement with their large

amounts of iron and coal.
Agriculture played a significant role in the bringing about of the Industrial

Revolution in Britain. Many landowners seeking to increase their money incomes began to

experiment with improved methods of cultivation and stock raising. Landowners made use of

fertilizers. They introduced new implements such as the "drill seeder" and "horse-hoe". They

developed new methods such as crop rotation and attempted to breed larger sheep and...
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