Intercultural Effectiveness II
Table of Contents
Why do students from different cultural backgrounds, residing in a shared accommodation behave differently?
The aim of the study was to understand how students from different cultural backgrounds, residing in a shared accommodation behave differently. In an attempt to answer this question three female students who live together were observed, the individuals involved originated from India, Ghana and England. The data was collected using questionnaires, Interviews and observations. The findings were analysed to draw common and contrasting themes. There were themes like Family orientedness, career choices, independence- freedom, food habits, aromas, religion, cultural pride, and interaction patterns. The study concluded that individuals are products of cultures and that defined the majority of their behaviour. However, there is a part of every individual that is influenced by many other factors like friends, community, education system, life events and the time era that an individual is born in. The study has limitations of being time bound and being a small sample size. The implication of the study is on making people culturally tolerant. Introduction
Recently the world has become a diverse community, due to the availability of mobility and technology. Media, business and Internet have brought the world to an individual’s disposal for exploration. Individual’s like to travel out of their own countries and taste the world around. Nevertheless, the UK education system attracts lot of international students. Nottingham has been one of the key cities that attract a multi-cultural crowd. One of the popular accommodations for these students is Cotton Mills in Radford. There are 53 flats with either 6 or 4 bedrooms (Appendix 1) for a reasonable price. The accommodation attracts students from different universities and colleges in Nottingham. The present study will look at three female student living at flat 111. The students are from India, England and Ghana, two of the students are in the same age group and are undergraduate students, and the third student is a PhD student who is currently studying at University of Nottingham. The observer is living in the same flat hence it is easier to access, interview and observe the participants. The research period was four weeks, in this time the participants filled in a questionnaire and also had a face to face recorded interview with the observer. The question for this research is “why do students from different cultural backgrounds, residing in a shared accommodation behave differently?” The purpose of this study is to understand the individuals and their cultural habits, customs, mutual differences and adjustments (Agar, 2008). This topic has been chosen because we interact almost every day with people and make our own judgements and prejudices. To avoid such misconceptions it is best to understand the cultural behaviour. Main Themes
The analytical core of this research was to observe people’s behaviour in their natural settings. Therefore, ethnography was used. Ethnography is the science of describing a culture or a group of people (Fetterman, 1998). Ethnography has been used by researchers as a method to observe the daily lives of people and routine. It helps the researchers understand an Individual within a cultural context that they come from (Fetterman, 1998). This research paper uses qualitative methodology. To meet this end data was collected using questionnaires, interviews and observation. The research was an objective attempt to understand individuals from different cultures, without bringing personal judgements of the researcher (Bryman and Bell, 2011). It only analysed and took notice of what was seen and heard from the participants. The researcher decided...