Privacy is the claim of individuals to be left alone, free from surveillance or interference from other individuals, organizations. Claim to be able to control information about yourself.
Intellectual property is an intangible property of any kind created by individuals or corporations.
Contemporary information systems technology, including internet technologies, challenges traditional regimens for protecting individual privacy and intellectual property. Data storage and data analysis technology enables companies to easily gather personal data about individuals from many different sources and analyze these data to create detailed electronic profiles about individuals and their behaviors. Data flowing over the Internet can be monitored at many points. The activities of website visitors can be closely tracked using cookies and other web monitoring tools. Not all websites have strong privacy protection policies, and they do not always allow for informed consent regarding the use of personal information.
The introduction of new information technology has a ripple effect, raising new ethical, social, and political issues that must be dealt with on the individual, social, and political levels. These issues have five moral dimensions: information rights and obligations, property rights and obligations, system quality, quality of life, and accountability and control.
Intellectual property is subject to a variety of protections under three different legal traditions:
• Trade secret: Intellectual work or product belonging to business, not in the public domain • Copyright: Statutory grant protecting intellectual property from being copied for the life of the author, plus 70 years • Patents: Grants creator of invention an exclusive monopoly on ideas behind invention for 20 years
Contemporary information technologies, especially software, pose severe challenges to existing intellectual property regimes and, therefore, create...