Why Did William Win the Battle of Hastings.

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 2913
  • Published : March 2, 2011
Open Document
Text Preview
Why did William win the Battle of Hastings?

The 14th October 1066 was to be a date that changed the course of British history. On that Saturday morning the Battle of Hastings was launched with an intensive bombardment of arrows fired from Norman archers towards the ranks of Harold’s army. William the Duke of Normandy and leader of the Norman troops advanced his army closer to the English line which was led by King Harold Godwinson. The previous English king Edward the Confessor had died without an heir. As a result a bad tempered and violent quarrel broke out to decide who would become the new King of England. Soon this quarrel became more sinister and led to a now famous battle between William and Harold.

Some while before Harold had ‘promised’ the throne of England to William when Harold was being held captive in France following a shipwreck. Subsequently to his release Harold chose to forget his promise to William and was secretly crowned the King of England.

In his quest to wrestle the throne of England from Harold, William had gathered an army of some 7,000 – 8,000 men, including calavary, Bretons, archers and men at arms. Yet on their first attempt they were denied access to the English coast because the wind was blowing in the wrong direction!

Despite realising that the invasion was imminent Harold decided to do battle first with the Norwegian King Harald Hadraada, another contender for his Throne, Whilst King Harold was away fighting his Norwegian foe, the direction of the wind changed and William was able to arrive unchallenged at Pevensey on the south coast of England.

Subsequently King Harold’s celebrations after the battle of Stamford where he had defeated the Norwegians and killed their King, along with his ally Harold’s treacherous brother Tostig, were dramatically cut short, On hearing the news that William had landed in England Harold had to quickly head south to do battle. In his hurry many of his archers were left behind and those...
tracking img