Why did the Titanic Sink?

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The sinking of the Titanic is one of history’s most researched and questioned story. There are movies, books, and documentaries on how it sunk and what happened on that night. This tragic story has a multiple of reasons as to why the ship sunk. The confidence of many people in the ship’s construction has to do with many if not all of the reasons for the total loss of life and the ship sinking. This confidence caused a majority of the crew members to not take seriously important messages about icebergs and field ice in the vicinity. Also, the lookouts in the crow’s nest had a somewhat difficult time spotting icebergs (Baldwin Parts 1-2; Titanic the Final Word; Nigel). If there was not this theory of the Titanic being unsinkable, many if not all the lives on the ship would have been saved. This theory led to some of the passengers refusing to get into lifeboats because they believed that the ship would not sink (Baldwin Part 3). Likewise, there are other contributions to the total loss of life: there were not enough life boats on the ship due to a reward for ships that were “watertight like a lifeboat” (Nigel). Also, the lifeboats were not even being filled to capacity (Baldwin Part 3). From the point they spotted the iceberg they should have send out precautionary signals and hit the iceberg head on. The Titanic was said to be known as the largest ship in the world. She began her birth on March 31, 1909, at the Harland and Wolff’s Belfast Yards, and taking three years to undergo metamorphosis from plain steel to a luxurious five-star floating hotel(Baldwin Part 1; Titanic: The Unsinkable Ship). She weighed about 46,000 tons, was 882 feet and 9 inches wide, and 20 stories high (Titanic: The Final Word). Her builder, Alexander Carlisle, gave her a double bottom keel and divided her hull into sixteen watertight compartments (Baldwin Part 1). The Titanic’s sixteen watertight compartments, “Included doors that could be closed from the bridge, so that water could be contained in the event the hull was breached,” (Titanic: The Unsinkable Ship). According to Carlisle, any two or the first four of the sixteen compartments can be flooded and the Titanic would not sink, but stay afloat. This characteristic gave the Titanic what came to be known as her subtitle, Unsinkable. Hundreds to thousands of people stuck with calling the Titanic unsinkable. Even at the peak of her death, the name Unsinkable was still lodged behind the word Titanic. She set sail April 10, 1912 on her maiden voyage from Southampton, England, to New York City. On board were about 2,201 men, women, children, and crew members (Baldwin Part 1; Titanic: The Unsinkable Ship). On April 12th, at least five warnings of icebergs went out to the Titanic; three of which was the Caronia, the Californian, and the Baltic (Baldwin Part 1). Out of those five warnings, only one of them was sent up to the bridge, which was than just placed in the pocket of J. Bruce Ismay, the chairman of White Star Line (Baldwin Part 1). The fact that five warnings of iceberg went out to the ship and only one was just shoved into a pocket goes to show that the majority of crew members strongly believed that the Titanic was unsinkable. They took little consideration into how, regardless of the size or construction of a ship, an iceberg can come in path and do little if not an enormous amount of damage. On top of all of that, Fredrick Fleet had some difficulty spotting anything in the distance from the crow’s nest. He was using a naked eye; which means he had no binoculars to see anything from a distance (Nigel). Along with that, there was a current called the Labrador, and it caused something called cold water mirages, that disfigured the horizon and made it seem as if there was nothing in front of the ship (Nigel). A historian, Tim Maltin, says, “The unusual cold sea air [that night] caused light to bend abnormally downward (New Titanic Theory). Maltin also stated from a survival testimony of...
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