Why Did the Russian Tsarist Regime Survive Until 1917?

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The tsarist regime, also referred to as the Russian political system, involved the repression of civil liberties, intellectual freedom and human rights in general. The regime was against any change in the country and frequently displayed their attitude in violent demonstrations and brutal massacres. The tsarist government faced opposition from many different social classes and occupational groupings, however it wasn't until1917 that it was overthrown. The regime survived until then due to the relative disunity among revolutionaries, clever government tactics, and the support of crucial groups of the population. It was the combination of these advantages that kept the tsarist regime ruling successfully up until 1917.

The factor responsible mostly for the survival of the tsarist regime was the relative sense of disunity amongst the revolutionaries. There were many groups aiming to revolutionise Russia at the time and this presented a problem in itself: no one wanted to work together. Some of the revolutionary groups included the Socialist Revolutionary (SR), and born from the Russian Marxists, who formed the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party (RSDLP) was the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks. Another main group were the Constitutional Democrats, also known as the Cadets, made up primarily of the educated and propertied classes. Initially, regardless of their individual tactics, all these groups aimed to replace tsarism with a democratic republic that would in turn ‘modernise' Russia. Eventually however, their unifying goal was not enough to remain in accord and the political parties split. Each of the groups was suffered greatly due to lack of organisation and inadequate leadership. The people had a tendency to react spontaneously, launching strikes and riots with no forewarning. These became a burden for party leaders, as it gave no opportunity to exercise controlled effectiveness. This problem was mostly due to the disunity amongst the revolutionists and all...
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