Why Did the Industrial Revolution Began in Britain

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 283
  • Published : March 4, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
The Industrial Revolution was a period of great innovation and movement that affected the whole world; in one way or another. There were plenty of reason why the revolution emerged in Great Britain, they included steadiness in their social, economic, and political views. Britain worked sedulously especially on their navy, since the country was surrounded by water that played an enormous role on their part. The ocean helped in varies openings to a world of an endless opportunity both in economic and political sectors. Another important advantage the British had were colonies, which provided limitless supply of raw materials at little to no cost to the British. This way they were able to steadily grow at a faster rate, because of having invented Spinning Jenny and Water Frame. Spinning Jenny was invented by James Hargreaves, the main reason why it became popular was because the simple mechanics it used, not to mention it was quite economical to use. The Water Frame was invented by Richard Arkwright, it came to existence particularly used for cotton spinning mill. This steady growth could not have been carried out without the steam engine, which was invented by James Watt in 1763, the steam engine made quick and cheap way to transportation in just a couple of hours to days depending on the distance need to be covered. After hearing all these great ideas and success from this industrial revolution, the children were used badly as labors in factors, and farms. They played a significant role in this revolution to an extent that many of them were injuries operating machinery. Many future countries gained important knowledge from the British revolution that they used some of these tactics in other industrial revolutions.

The location of Great Britain was significantly the most ideal for the flourishing of the first industrial revolution in the world. As a result of Britain being surrounded by water, other neighboring countries were greatly influenced . This statement can be proven valid according to the "Geographic Background and Concepts: The Industrial Revolution." many of the countries around Britain became an industrial center. This text mentions, " Those regions in which water power was readily available, such as Switzerland and parts of France, Italy, and Scandinavia, also became important industrial centers through the development of hydroelectric power in the second half of the nineteenth century. Europe as a whole also had the advantage of being well endowed with iron ore, sulfur, and salt."(Primohistory) Great Britain wanted to involve the whole Europe so that they would not have any enemies' in their geographical location. They were a very intelligent, strategy, and promiscuous type of empire in Europe but yet indirectly the opposite in their colonies. The British knew how to rule and how to treat their neighbors and the colonies. I have noticed that when they leave a colony they always try to have peaceful relations with everyone, making them think that they are being nice. Instead they do that to hold good contact for future business deals and project.

The colonies better known as third-world countries played substantial role in the revolution. An article that I came across though my research was about Indian and described Indian did benefit from the being a colony of Britain. There are many positive and negative effects on India followed by the Britain Industrial revolution. India was able to have trains that were constructed by the English, they are used till this day and age. Indian was the biggest cotton making industry for the British. As explained in Western Civilization: A Brief History," Indian had become one of the world's greatest exporters of cotton cloth produced by hand labor."( Spielvogel). India have a very hard working class, but yet were not treated fairly because the British would always look down upon them. For example, at the decline of Indian's...
tracking img