Why Did Hitler Become Chancellor in January 1933?

Topics: Weimar Republic, Adolf Hitler, Nazi Party Pages: 3 (1049 words) Published: October 18, 2010
Hitler’s rise to chancellorship can be mostly associated with the constant failures of the Weimar government. By 1933 the government’s management over the effects of the Slump had not provided relief for Germany, causing the people to feel complete distrust and disappointment towards the government that had failed them. This enabled Hitler and the Nazi party to gain popularity and eventually the majority of the votes in the Reichstag elections. Hitler, however, could not have so easily yielded power without the political manoeuvring that occurred between von Schleicher and von Papen who eventually caused Hindenburg to appoint Hitler as Chancellor. The tactics employed by Hitler and the Nazi Party allowed for them to seem unified and strong, they appeared to be the government that German people had been wishing for. The popularity Hitler had gained caused the Weimar government to believe they could manipulate Hitler in their favour if he was to be Chancellor. The weaknesses of the Weimar government were present long before the Great Depression struck Germany. The Weimar Republic was founded on violence and inconsistency, these characteristics followed through until the fall of the republic. They are present in situations such as the Kapp Putsch, where over a thousand workers were killed due to the lack of authority in the government. Hitler was a highly attractive option for the Germans as he represented a consistent authoritarian government. The Treaty of Versailles is highly significant when assessing the blunders of the Weimar government through civilian eyes, this is expressed through the ‘stab in the back’ theory so strongly viewed by the German people who perceived the Weimar government as the reason they were subjected to the harsh conditions of the treaty that the Allies inflicted. Hitler’s rise was associated with his objections to the treaty; this is recorded in another significant event that worked against the Weimar government, the Munich Putsch. In...
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