Why Did Civil War Break Out in England in 1642?

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  • Topic: Charles I of England, English Civil War, House of Lords
  • Pages : 3 (1092 words )
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  • Published : March 30, 2008
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Why did Civil War break out in England in 1642?

Modern historians still argue upon the causes of the English revolution. (The English Civil War). The people, in 1642, did not expect this event so soon. However, if we look down and combine all the facts and the evidence, the reasons will be exposed.

Considering the past historical events, the English Civil War was a disagreement due to a conflict between the overpowering Parliament and the King, Charles I. In the beginning of the reign, in 1625, when Charles was 25 years old, he married a French Catholic princess, Henrietta Maria, without consulting the Parliament. Moreover in the 17th century a King could not rule the country without Parliament’s help and recommendation. The members of Parliament were hostile at Charles as he was not advised by them. The other reason was that the King married a French princess who was a Catholic and the Parliament feared that Charles’s intention was to make England a Catholic country. In result the Parliament was beginning to grow suspicious and lose their trust towards the King.

The MP’s were afraid that Charles would rule without them, in the same way as James did, and tried to make them indispensable to him by producing him the regular amount of income during one year instead of his whole lifetime. However Charles continued to rule without any help of the Parliament by collecting tax such as “Ship money”. This caused perturbation as people refused to pay because they considered that the ships were not at war and in perfect state. As a result, Charles received less and less money with every year.

During his rule without Parliament’s involvement, Charles several changes such as reforming the English Church and restoring the New Prayer book in Scotland. This, as some historians might highlight, was the beginning of the crisis. Charles followed Archbishop Laud’s ideas upon the Church such as making an altar at the East of the church and placing the Pulpit to the...
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