Why capital punishment should be reinstated.

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For many years, capital punishment has the legal impose of death as a penalty for violating the criminal law. Throughout history people have been put to death for various forms of unlawful activity. The Method of execution in Canada has been death by hanging until after its abolition by Parliament in a free vote in 1976. However, supporters of capital punishment were still asking for its return until the Parliament voted again in 1987 not to reinstate the death penalty, by confirming its ban. Capital Punishment can be defined as "The penalty for death for the commission of a crime." (dictionary.com, 2003) Capital punishment must not be reinstated as it is an unjust punishment. This paper will clearly demonstrate that Capital punishment violates Canadian citizen's rights in Sections of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, The Canadian Bill of Rights, and the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In addition, this paper will also show that with capital punishment, the death penalty is not a deterrent to serious crimes. Finally, this paper will show that with capital punishment there is always the possibility an innocent person could be executed and this is totally unacceptable.

Capital punishment violates Canadian citizen's rights in Sections of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, The Canadian Bill of Rights, and the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Canada is a country that is known for the reputation of recognizing all of the human rights guaranteed to its citizens. This formation is known as the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Capital punishment violates Section seven under the Canadian Charters of Rights and Freedoms because it protects every person's 'right to life'. It is evident that capital punishment violates this essential right since it clearly takes a person's life away. The following quote proves that under Section seven in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms are violated by capital punishment:

"Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

7. Everyone has the Right to life, liberty and security of the person and the right not be deprived thereof except in accordance with the principles of fundamental justice." (Eberts and Bayefsky, 1985, 600)

Previous to the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, the Canadian bill of Rights existed as Canada's earlier version of protection human rights until 1982 when Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms was made the official constitutional text of Canada. Capital punishment also violates every individual's 'right to life.' Stated in the Canadian Bill of Rights under section one (a) proves that the most fundamental right to live has always been an important principle in Canada. Since such right has existed throughout the country's history, why should Canada reinstate the death penalty and go against something that this nation has long believed in? It is evident that having capital punishment reinstated would violate the right to life because by putting a person's life to death would end their lives and deprive them of this right. The following quote shows the section of the Bill that the death penalty violates:

"BILL OF RIGHTS

1. it is hereby recognized and declared that in Canada there have existed and shall continue to exist without discrimination by reason of race, national origin, colour, religion, or sex, the following human rights and fundament freedoms, namely,

(a) the right of the individual to life, liberty, security of the person and enjoyment of property and the right not to be deprived thereof except by due process of law." (Electronic Frontier Canada, 2000)

The UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights guarantees the absolute rights of each and every person on the face of the earth. In article five, again, the process of hanging is considered cruel and sometimes unusual. The Declaration states the international standards that are set forth to all human beings, recognizing their most basic rights...
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