e number of deaths from cancer continues to increase each year. Cancer is a disease has touched every family at least once. It is a disease that can kill you in a matter of years or months. There are several different types of cancer, some of which both men and women can be diagnosed with and some of which only one sex can actually be diagnosed with. Today researchers are finding more and more advances into what causes cancer. I myself am a cancer survivor and my treatment at the time in 1992 was considered experimental. My older brother who is now 32 years old was diagnosed with Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, when he was 2 years old; he too was a part of a research study that he is still participating in today. Cancer research is very important in the fight against cancer. Just from me and my brother cancer experience I’m very confident that someone will live because of the research that took place during our treatments. Cancer Research is at the forefront of finding a cure for this deadly disease.
In 2007 1,444,920 people in the U.S were diagnosed with some form of cancer. 559,650 died from cancer the same year. 206.3 billion dollars were spent on health care related to cancer treatment in 2007. Over the years these numbers are drastically increased in the past three years. Research to discover earlier detection methods and treatments are important in helping save lives in the fight against cancer (www.cancer.gov, 2007). Cancer occurs when normal cells growth goes out of control. Normally when a cell dies a new cell is born to take its place and the normal cell and dead ones are equal. When cancer occurs there is a disruption of the balance of normal and dead cells. This cause the cells to grow uncontrollably, or cause the cells to undergo cell suicide this happens through a process called “apoptosis.” This is the process that old cells usually destroy themselves (Kleinsmith, Kerrigan, Kelly and Hollen, 2004 p.5). Cancers are classified as either a solid tumor or and liquid tumor. Solid tumor grows on organs and liquid tumors grow in different bodily fluids (Kelvin and Tyson, 2004 p.2). Cancer cells start growing uncontrollably, they flow through that blood stream and lymph system, to other parts of the body and begin to take the place of normal cells and tissue this is when the cancer metastasis (spreads to another area of the body from the original location of the outbreak) (Kleinsmith, Kerrigan, Kelly and Hollen, 2004 p.8).
Millions of people today are living with cancer. Through cancer research, researchers have found that there are steps that we can take to help lower our chances of contracting cancer. This is through life styles changes, like not smoking, what we eat, the amount of time we spend under direct sun light, and exercising. Although there is no guarantee that you want develop cancer, these changes greatly helps your chances of not developing the disease (www.cancer.org, 2007).
From the research that has taken place so far we have found ways of determining when a peson has cancer in its early stages. Due to the large number of different kinds of cancers, there are varies ways in which cancer can be detected. Breast Cancer for instance can be detected by performing self-examination of the breast, or by visiting the doctor who can perform a Mammogram. This is a machine that was created from researchers findings that help to pinpoint if Breast Cancer is present in the breast by x-ray (www.cancer.gov, 2008). Other Methods of detection are Pap tests, colonoscopy, biopsies, the PSA and other tumor marker blood tests, as well as other imaging tests (www.cancer.org, 2007). Each type of cancer has its own way of detection. Early detection of cancers presence will greatly increase your chances of being a survivor of this disease. If the disease is caught in time, it found it does not have enough time for the cells to gain enough strength to fight back at the therapy that researchers have found so...
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