Why Are People in Antarctica

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Antarctica can be seen as the world’s largest laboratory. Science is one of the most important reasons as to why we venture into this barren desert, and we have made and continue to make important scientific discoveries in the Antarctic. We have made discoveries like: How the atmosphere and the oceans ‘work’ and how they are linked, how much Antarctica has moved etc. Old explorers like made the first journeys across the vast continent and became ingrained into history books for doing so. Captain Cook was one such explorer, he travelled in the 1840’s and he recorded things about Antarctica, and he set the benchmark for explorers and scientists after him. He got temperature reading at different places in Antarctica and rock samples among many things. Captain Scott was another explorer who travelled to the Antarctica, he travelled in 1912, and this year is the 100th anniversary of his voyage. Scott was the first to get accurate scientific readings from Antarctica; he surveyed glaciers and got meteorological readings. We are starting to understand how crucial Antarctica is for the rest of the world, sea level may be affected in the future due to global warming, and the ice melting in Antarctica may make the sea level rise by two metres. Two metres doesn’t sound like much, but it will have a devastating affect on countries like Bangladesh and Venice. We can also find out which coasts will be affected. The reason why we are so interested in Antarctica is because it has had so little human influence; we have not polluted it or exploited it yet, because our bodies cannot cope with it. By looking at Antarctica we can find out how badly we have damaged the places that we occupy. Antarctica is researched by 40 different countries and all the information they gain must be shared, they research in peace because of the United Nations and the Antarctic treaty. Antarctica is a peaceful and cooperative international research zone. One way in which scientists research Antarctica...
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