Why Ambedkar Is Greatest Indian After Gandhi?

Topics: India, British Raj, British Empire Pages: 2 (521 words) Published: January 18, 2013
The seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the world’s largest democracy, is India. India as a nation, perhaps the oldest. The first documented evidence of India’s civilization dates back to Indus Valley Civilization. Since then it expanded gradually to various parts of the sub-continent. The Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Gradually annexed by and brought under the administration of the British East India Company from the early 18th century and administered directly by the United Kingdom from the mid-19th century, India suffered a lot. The British ill-treated the Indians and exploited India’s economy. The majority of the Indian subcontinent was under the British colonial rule from 1858 to 1947. There was a time when people expected nothing but oppression from public authorities. Later they expected chiefly to be let alone. Our leaders during the freedom struggle instilled the thoughts of freedom and democracy. As a result, people realized that freedom is a prerequisite for India's political destiny and the destiny must be determined by Indians themselves. It was then the idea of Swaraj (Self Governance) was born and known that "Swaraj" will not be a free gift of the British Parliament. This period saw the gradual rise of the Indian independence movement to gain independence from foreign rule. Achieving independence was not easy. It was achieved due to the relentless efforts of the people and the great sacrifices made by our leaders. The movement culminated in the formation of the Dominion of India on 15 August 1947. The Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November 1949 and came into effect on 26 January 1950, proclaiming India to be a sovereign, democratic republic. It contained the founding principles of the law of the land which would govern India after its independence from British rule. On the day the constitution came...
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